The English arrived with it in Jamestown in 1611, where it became a major commercial crop, which eventually was replaced by cotton. In 1619 the Virginia Assembly passed legislation requiring every farmer to grow hemp. Hemp was allowed to be exchanged as legal tender in Pennsylvania , Virginia , and Maryland . American production of hemp was encouraged by the government in the 17th century for the production of rope, sails, and clothing. Marijuana has been used since ancient times dated from 2737 B.C. It also has a long history of use as a medicinal herb
In the late nineteenth century, marijuana became a popular ingredient in many ...view middle of the document...
Marinol, a Schedule III substance under the Controlled Substances Act, is a synthetic version of THC, the active ingredient found in the marijuana plant. It can be prescribed for the control of nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of cancer and to stimulate appetite in AIDS patients. Advocates of medical marijuana say it is not as effective as the herb and is more expensive.
A 1999 U.S.-government-sponsored study by the Institute of Medicine found that marijuana appeared beneficial for certain medical conditions, such as nausea caused by chemotherapy and wasting caused by AIDS. A number of studies since 1999 have shown that smoked marijuana has pain-reducing effects when compared with marijuana stripped of its cannabinoids.
The Office of National Drug Control Policy has opposed legalization of the medical use of marijuana, citing law enforcement issues and the possibility that some would use it as a pretext to sell marijuana for nonmedical use, and the FDA said in 2006 that, despite the 1999 report, that marijuana "has no accepted or proven use in the United States ." Advocates for the medical use of this drug have set up networks for the distribution of the drug to people who they judge will be helped by it and continue to lobby for its legalization for medical use. In 1996 California enacted the first state law permitting the use of marijuana for medical reasons, and about one third of the states now have some sort of medical marijuana legislation. As a result of a Supreme Court ruling in...