Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni commonly known as Michelangelo exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of western art.
Michelangelo was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer who Michelangelo was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time. A number of his works in painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence. His output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account; he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. Michelangelo also transformed the plan, the western end being finished to Michelangelo's design, the dome being completed after his death with some modification.
In a demonstration of Michelangelo's unique standing, he was the first ...view middle of the document...
At the time of Michelangelo's birth, his father was the judicial administrator of the small town of Caprese and local administrator of Chiusi. Michelangelo's mother was Francesca di Neri Del Miniato di Siena. The Buonarrotis claimed to descend from the Countess Mathilde of Canossa. This claim remains unproven, but Michelangelo himself believed it. Several months after Michelangelo's birth, the family returned to Florence, where Michelangelo was raised. At later times, during the prolonged illness and after the death of his mother in 1481 when he was just six years old, Michelangelo lived with a stonecutter and his wife and family in the town of Settignano. This is where his father owned a marble quarry and a small farm.
Early Adult Hood
Lorenzo de' Medici's death on 8 April 1492 brought a reversal of Michelangelo's circumstances. Michelangelo left the security of the Medici court an. returned to his father's house. In the following months he carved a Wooden Crucifix as a gift to the prior of the Florentine church of Santo Spirito who had permitted him some studies of Anatomy on the corpses of the church's hospital. In the same year, the Medici was expelled from Florence as the result of the rise of Savonarola. Michelangelo left the city before the end of the political upheaval, moving to Venice and then to Bologna. In Bologna, he was commissioned to finish the carving of the last small figures of the Shrine of St. Dominic in the church dedicated to that saint. Michelangelo returned to Florence but received no commissions from the new city government under Savonarola. He returned to the employment of the Medici. During the half year he spent in Florence he worked
on two small statues, a child St John the Baptist and a sleeping Cupid. According to Condivi, Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, for whom Michelangelo had sculpted St. John the Baptist, asked that Michelangelo fix it so that it looked as if it had been buried so he could send it to Rome and pass it off as an ancient work and sell it much better. Both Lorenzo and Michelangelo were unwittingly cheated out of the real value of the piece by a middleman.