William Iii And Mary Ii Of England

499 words - 2 pages

William III and Mary II were very much favored by Parliament and the people of England. They agreed to not abuse their power instead of taking advantage of it like the Stuart Kings did. They protected the safety and welfare of the Protestant Kingdom they ruled. As a joint monarchy, William III and Mary II dethroned the Catholic King James II, and accepted the Bill of Rights which helped form the political government in England.Before becoming king of England, William was a Dutch prince in the Netherlands. French and German armies were overrunning the Dutch provinces. On July 8, 1672, William was made supreme commander of the Union's armed forces. William then ...view middle of the document...

On June 30, 1688, the English Protestant leaders, known as the Parliament, invited William and Mary to England with armed forces to dethrone their Catholic King James II. William and Mary agreed, and on November 1, 1688, William sailed out with 14,000 men to win the throne of England. When James heard of this horrible news, he immediately fled to France in fear. Parliament then offered the throne to William and Mary as a joint monarch of England.William and Mary accepted the Declaration of Rights (later became a Bill). The Bill, made by Parliament, limited the power and control of taxation and legislation the king could have. In this Bill, Parliament could function freely without royal interference and the Sovereign was not allowed to interfere with the elections or the freedom of speech. Moreover, the Sovereign was required to summon Parliament very frequently, and on top of that, the financial settlement reached with William and Mary made them both dependent on Parliament. The King was forbidden to keep a standing army in a time of peace without Parliament's consent. Also, the King was forbidden to establish his own courts or act as a judge, the courts were forbidden to impose excessive bail, fines, or cruel punishment. However, the King was still able to summon and dismiss Parliament, appoint and dismiss Ministers, and veto legislation and declare war.William and Mary helped out Parliament when they dethroned the Catholic King who did not follow rules. They helped form the government with the Bill of Rights. William and Mary changed England for the better.

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