With Reference To Either Waste Management In Urban Areas Or Transport Management In Urban Areas, Discuss The Extent To Which Sustainability Can Be Achieved

1375 words - 6 pages

With reference to either Waste management in urban areas or Transport management in urban areas, discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved.
Answer 1 (Transport) Sustainable management in urban areas is a constant theme for urban areas in both LEDCs and MEDCs. This essay will be based on whether transport management can be achieved sustainably and whether or not it is only transport management that can achieve sustainability or other aspects such as improved housing, preventing urban sprawl and protecting the environment also add to the possibility of achieving sustainability. Transport management in urban areas is approached differently in both LEDCs and MEDCs. However ...view middle of the document...

The population in Mexico City in 2005 was at an estimated 19.4 million and steps have been taken to try to manage transport and reduce congestion. These include mandatory school bussing, the rise of low sulphur fuels in all public transport as of 2008/09 and cars with certain number plates being only able to travel on certain weekdays. Overall these have been sustainable management methods as they have not only reduced congestion levels and increased the use of public transport, they have also reduced the level of pollution in the atmosphere which makes it cleaner for the future and present generations. The air in Mexico city was 15% less polluted. The use of low sulphur fuel may lack sustainability in terms of how expensive the fuel is for an LEDC to deal with and also in terms of the fact that it is still using non-recyclable resources but overall the advantages of the management methods appear to outweigh the disadvantages showing that it does achieve sustainability to a certain extent. Managing transport in MEDC cities has a different approach due to access to capital in MEDCs. It does tackle two objectives, that is, reducing congestion so that cities can run efficiently and protecting the environment in the fact that it attempts to reduce pollution such as carbon emissions for future generations. The UK has to reduce carbon emissions by 60% by the year 2050 in order to meet its commitment to the Climate Change bill. This involves managing transport in urban areas as the increased car ownership is also partly accountable for the high levels of carbon emissions in the atmosphere. In 2005 the UK government introduced the congestion charge in London. People are charged £8 when they enter central London. It was successful in the sense that bus passengers increased by 6% during charging hours in the first year and a lot of revenue was created for the UK government to reinvest back into improving public transport so people are encouraged to to use that rather than driving. However in the first year congestion did decrease in London by 18% but eventually rose again as people could just afford to pay the charge. If people were affluent enough to be able to afford to commute into London then they had no problem paying the charge. In this sense sustainability has not been achieved as the results of the congestion charge haven’t had the desired effects at all. It brings forward the question of as people continue to become more affluent what can be done to discourage them from using cars and in turn damaging the environment for future generations? In Manchester other approaches have been taken as a carrot method to try and encourage people away from their cars and towards public transport or cycling. In Rusholme there has been an improved cycle lane that doesn’t allow cars in as it is separate from the road, not an ‘add-on’. People are more inclined to use these cycle lanes as they are much safer. There is also a proposed traffic free route through...

Other Essays Like With Reference to Either Waste Management in Urban Areas or Transport Management in Urban Areas, Discuss the Extent to Which Sustainability Can Be Achieved

With Reference to Located, Examine the Problems Associated with the Increasing Use of Rural Areas for Recreation and Tourism (25)

1013 words - 5 pages golf courses are conserving the land it means that properties or developments cannot be built upon them. Golf courses keep the land natural with trees grass land and shrubbery providing a whole range of habitats and ecosystems but golf courses like the South Hinksey golf course in Rural Oxfordshire. However many golf courses waste vast amounts of water by watering the greens and this itself can destroy habitats. Golf courses also use a huge

Councelling Diploma Module 1 - 1. Select Two of the Areas for Which Counselling Can Be Accessed as Discussed in This Module. 2. Outline Your Thoughts on How the Person Might Be Feeling About Their...

1132 words - 5 pages account, 1000 words, to address the required points. People might access counselling in a hospital: those Counsellors/Psychotherapists working in hospitals usually see patients with more severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or personality disorders. Psychotherapists in hospitals are usually specialists and do not cover a wide range of conditions which would be dealt with by a private practitioner. People might also

Discuss the Extent to Which Consumer Law Achieves Its Objectives

768 words - 4 pages been unbiased, 50% benefiting the consumer and 50% benefiting the business. Rather than taking a business to court, a consumer can go to a FOS where a solution can be reached quicker and cheaper but this decision is final, regardless of which party it benefits. This non-statutory body is very effective in protecting consumers from businesses to the extent that it reaches an unbiased solution but an issue has already occurred. There are statutory

Urban Construction Waste - Broken Bricks Demolition Waste Recycling

525 words - 3 pages separation can be achieved though a part of wastewater recycling, but this simple approach does not completely solve the concrete aggregate and cement recycling problems. According to experts, road, construction waste clay brick manufactured goods is the best alternative. These new construction waste products, but also has a light weight, high strength advantage, in addition, a new type of construction waste products as well as good insulation

Discuss the extent to which economic growth may benefit an economy

620 words - 3 pages Economic growth can be defined as the rise in the output of an economy or a rise in national income over a given period of time. Economic growth can be beneficial to the economy but needs to be managed as so to not incur opportunity costs. This essay will discuss whether the benefits out weigh the costs of economic growth, or whether the costs exceed the benefits. An advantage of economic growth is that it is likely to cause a rise in living

Discuss the compromises that involved the issue of slavery and the extent to which the Constitution supported or disapproved of slavery

334 words - 2 pages government would not interfere with the slave trade for 20 years. According to Nieman, the compromises and language of the document allowed susceptibility to interpretation by both sides. Understandably, slavery is an emotional issue, the repercussions of which many say have to this day negatively affected the social and economic standing of today's blacks. Not to be misidentified as an excuse for the suffering of so many, it is still important to

Choose Either a Rural or an Urban Area and Describe How You Analysed and Presented the Results of Your Fieldwork and Research Into Rebranding Schemes

725 words - 3 pages the remaining 27% said yes. This method of presentation was really effective as it allowed me to visualise the results I gathered really easy – the charts were incredibly simple to read. Within my investigation I was able to take pictures of the areas in which we studied. One of the areas was ‘The Sage’. During my visit here, I took pictures of the area from all different angles and points of view so that I could compare my own images with

Evaluate the Extent to Which Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us to Understand a Client’s Presenting Issue?

2999 words - 12 pages accept potty training as a metaphor, the theory make sense and has relevance. Consider the following which draws from McLeod (2008) and Freud & Philips (2006). Early or harsh potty training can lead to the child becoming an anal-retentive personality who hates mess, is obsessively tidy, punctual and respectful of authority. They can be stubborn and tight-fisted with their cash. This is all related to pleasure got from holding on to their

The External Environment in Which Businesses Operate Can Have a Significant Effect on Their Success. to What Extent Do You Think the External Environment in the Uk Is Favourable for Businesses at the...

1534 words - 7 pages The external environment in which businesses operate can have a significant effect on their success. To what extent do you think the external environment in the UK is favourable for businesses at the moment? Justify your answer with reference to external factors and/or businesses that you know. (40 marks) External environment in the UK can be favourable in any market to a business based on social and economic factors. This is important because

“Mobile Phone Ownership Has Exploded Globally but Still Displays Core and Periphery Characteristics”. Discuss to What Extent Do You Agree with This Statement with Reference to 2 Case Study

640 words - 3 pages calculating to providing information through the internet. Most of the Americans used their mobile phone to send or receive text messages or accessing the internet. There are also a contrast between the high income population and the lower income population which creates a big disparity in percentage of mobile phone ownership. This could be proven because the there are more people with higher education that are using mobile phones compared to people

“That Which Is Accepted as Knowledge Today Is Sometimes Discarded Tomorrow.” Consider Knowledge Issues Raised by This Statement in Two Areas of Knowledge

1604 words - 7 pages “That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. Knowledge is formed from different ways of knowing, with different language, perception, reason and emotion, a same issue can be interpreted differently by different person or group. From a personal level perspective, due to the difference in their background, culture and experience etc, a

Related Papers

To What Extent Can Urban Areas Be Sustainable

1485 words - 6 pages To what extent can urban areas be sustainable A sustainable city is a city that can meet the needs of the present without hindering the needs of future generations. To create a sustainable city many different factors need to be considered such as transport, energy and waste disposal. With the vast improvements to modern technology in the modern world it has become far easier for urban areas to become sustainable in many different ways. As

Canada's Urban Areas Essay

672 words - 3 pages communities grow faster than others and swallow up former communities of different sizes, because of this it can be a challenge to define places and populations, thus CMA’s are created to define the area. Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) – an urban area with a population of at least 100 000 people of whom 50 000 or more live in an urban core. Sphere of Influence – the region served by a settlement Increasing sizes of settlements, increases the

The Way To Recycle Construction Waste In Urban Cities

588 words - 3 pages The Background and Significance of Construction Waste Generating It has become a problem for waste management that the yearly quantity of construction waste in China has accounted for more than 40%of the total amount of urban waste. Some data display that we have produced at least 20 billion m³ clay bricks during the past 50 years, most of which will change into solid construction waste in the coming 50 years. What to do with these construction

With Reference To One Or More Located Examples, Explain How Tourism Can Be Managed To Ensure Sustainability

682 words - 3 pages With reference to one or more located examples, explain how tourism can be managed to ensure sustainability. This essay will explore the work of different tourist destinations to balance their tourism and its affect on the environment. The main concept of sustainable tourism is preservation; the idea of minting the location how it is, this also include allowing no developing. One form of sustainable tourism is “ecotourism”, specialised