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Women In Psychology Karen Horney Essay

1984 words - 8 pages

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Women in Psychology- Karen Horney

Student Name

PSY 310

(Instructor) Cheri Meadowlark

February 25, 2013

Women in Psychology: Karen Horney

Karen Horney was a female psychological pioneer. She was a theorist in personality, psychoanalysis, along with feminine psychology. Karen Horney also had some theories about ones needs.
Background

Clotilde “Sonni” and Berndt Danielsen welcomed their second child Karen Clementina Theodora Danielsen on September 16, 1885. Karen was born in Blankenese, a small village on the north bank of ...view middle of the document...

Karen could not understand why in the Bible women were declared a secondary creation from man, a source of evil, and the cause of temptation. Karen developed an infatuation with her brother. Karen was supposed to keep her brothers room clean and organize his clothes. Karen was also responsible for helping Sonni take care of the house. Karen believed that her infatuation of her brother came from her mental association of doing duties for him that a wife does for her husband. When Karen’s brother found out about Karen’s feeling for him, he pushed her away and overreacted. Berndt’s reaction to Karen influenced and started what was a lifelong battle with depression for Karen. Karen was perceptive to emotions and was profoundly devastated by rejection (Rubins, 1978).

Karen married Oskar Horney about three years after she started college. Oskar was a law student, whom she met at school. Karen had her first daughter, Brigitte in 1910. In 1911 Karen’s mother, Sonni, passed away. In 1913, Karen had her second daughter Marianne and her third daughter, Renate in 1916. Karen also graduated for the University of Berlin in 1913. Karen earned a medical degree, this was a great accomplishment for Karen because women were not rewarded for their work in the classroom during this time and not many women attended college (Boeree, 1997).

Oskar was a harsh father just as Karen’s father was. Karen did not intervene in the way Oskar was with the children and thought that it was good for them. In 1923 Oskar’s business shut down and he contracted meningitis. At the age of 40, Karen’s brother also passed away from pulmonary infection. Karen became severally depressed that year and even attempted suicide while swimming in the ocean on vacation. Karen and her daughters move from Oskar’s home in 1926, settling in Brooklyn in 1930 (Boeree, 1997).

Karen began her career at the Institute for Psychoanalysis in Berlin, she taught here from 1920 until 1932. Karen worked with Karl Abraham, who regarded her as a gifted analyst. Karen held a position for two years as the Associate Director of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. Karen taught at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute after settling in Brooklyn. Karen worked beside Erich Fromm and Harry Stack Sullivan. Karen had the opportunity to use her experience as a psychotherapist to develop her own theories. Karen had established the American Institute for Psychoanalysis by 1941. She was also the Dean; the Institute was a training institute for people that were interested in association for the advancement of psychoanalysis. Karen also founded the American Journal of Psychoanalysis, after she began teaching at the New York Medical College. Karen taught until she died in 1952 (Boeree, 1997).
Theories

Karen looked at neurosis in a different light. Karen believed that neurosis was more continuous with normal life then others believed. Karen saw neurosis as an interpersonal controlling and coping technique...

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