Assignment 2 – Ancient Chinese Contributions
Shalley L. Whitesides
Professor Loftin Montgomery
December 1, 2013
Whenever we think of China, the first thought that may come to mind is the Great Wall of China, the cuddly pandas, cars, or even their wonderful cuisine. For more than fifteen hundred years, the Chinese culture have developed inventions and made contributions to things that not only be used on a daily basis, but to used in years to come.
Some of the greatest inventions to come out from China are: alcohol; the mechanical clock; tea; silk; porcelain; iron and steel smelting; paper; printing; gunpowder and the compass. Of the four greatest inventions are ...view middle of the document...
During the Tang (618－907) and Song (960－1279) dynasties, tea production developed rapidly, and tea became a popular drink around the country and the world. Cha Jing, written by Lu Yu in the Tang Dynasty, is widely recognized as the world's first scientific work about tea production.” (www.china.org.cn)
Another great invention from China is silk. We all love to purchase an item that was made of silk. Whether if it’s a silk blouse, silk neck ties, the silk lining in winter coats or silk lingerie, we all want to know how this smooth, shiny fabric was created and made. Silk was harvested to be used for clothes are paper over a thousand years ago. “The oldest silk, which was found in Henan Province, came from the Chinese Neolithic period and dates to around 3,630 BC. Silk excavated from the Liangzhu culture site in Zhejiang Province date to roughly 2570 BC. In ancient China, silk was not only a vital invention for life but also a bridge connecting China to the outside world. The 2,000-year-old Silk Road is still an important path for cultural, commercial and technological exchange between East and West. (www.china.org.cn)
Silk is twisted in a strand where it can be used for weaving or knitting, which is known to be called throwing. It prevents splitting from the thread. “Four different types of silk thread may be produced from this procedure: crepe, tram, thrown singles and organzine. Crepe is made by twisting individual threads of raw silk, doubling two or more of them together, and then twisting them again. Tram is made by twisting two or more threads in only one direction. Thrown singles are individual threads that are twisted in only one direction. Organzine is a thread made by giving the raw silk a preliminary twist in one direction and then twisting two of these threads together in the opposite direction.” (https://texeresilk.com)