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World View Chart Essay

5530 words - 23 pages

Religion | Origin of All Things | Nature of God | View of Human Nature | View of Good and Evil | View of “Salvation” | View of After Life | Practices and Rituals | Celebrations and Festivals |
Week 2Hinduism and Jainism | The history of Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it has no founder or date of origin. According to historians, the origin of Hinduism dates back to 5,000 or more years. Jainism dates to the 6th century B.C.E. in India. | The nature of God according to Jainism is state of perfect being. Jainism believes in God not as a creator but as a perfect being. They believe that when the jiva or the soul becomes liberated it lives in a blissful state. God is ...view middle of the document...

Karma is at once the simplest of concepts and the most complex. The word itself simply means "action," and originally referred to the sacrificial action that was at the center of the Vedic world. Karma gradually took on the meaning of both action and the effect of action. | Hinduism: This release, called moksha, is ultimate salvation. The individual is absorbed in the ultimate, Brahman, in the same manner that a stream or a river (a metaphor for the individual atman) is absorbed into the ocean (Brahman). When one attains this state, rebirth stops. One is released, forever. The individual is one with Brahman.For the salvation to occur there has to be the presence of atmans (souls) and a cosmos. Let us think of a period when the total cosmos is about to collapse (this stage of disintegration of the cosmos is known as pralaya in Hinduism). At this stage in whatever stage of manifestation every atman soul is all Atmans reach stage of Enlightenment. There is no other alternative for them for all attain salvation (moksha in Hinduism). | Hinduism: Made up of the five elements—Earth, Fire, Air, Water and Void—the human body is believed to be the perishable casket of the Soul. Atman, a person’s spiritual essence, is released from this fleshy coffin to take what place their karma has earned them. If the person is comparably righteous and good during their lifetime they are accorded rebirth in a life befitting the pure deeds they had previously committed. On the other hand, the punishment for bad karma is retribution in one of the narkas, or hells, which are designed to mete out justice to match the grievous nature of the wrongdoing.Jainism: believes that all people are caught in an endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. Jainism stresses detachment from the world and austerity.. | Jainism: Rituals are important to the Jain faith because it is through them that beliefs and values are expressed. While this religion emphasizes non-violence, which could, in part, be understood as inaction, it also stresses asceticism, which is often marked by certain religious behaviors.Hinduism:The religious life of many Hindus is focused on devotion to God (perceived as Brahman, Shiva, Vishnu, or Shakti) or several gods. This devotion usually takes the form of rituals and practices associated with sculptures and images of gods in home shrines. | Hinduism:As in most ancient religions, many of the Hindu holidays are based on the cycle of nature. They mark the change of seasons, celebrate the harvest, and encourage fertility of the land. Others are dedicated to a particular deity, such as Shiva or Ganesh.Jainism:Jains rituals can be divided broadly in two parts: Karya (Obligations which are followed) and Kriya (Worships which are performed). |
Week 3Buddhism | Buddhism, founded in the late 6th century B.C.E. by Siddhartha Gautama (the "Buddha"), is an important religion in most of the countries of Asia. Buddhism, a religion that more than 300 million people currently...

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