World War 1 Essay

1148 words - 5 pages

Analysis and Results of WWI

The assassination on June 28th 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria triggered the “War to end all wars.” Assassinated by a Serbian nationalist, this event was a cry out for Serbian independence. What the world didn’t know at the time was of a secret alliance between Germany and Austria Hungry. The assassination of the Archduke became a perfect opportunity for Germany to go to war.
Serbia asked Russia to help in their cause and join them in the fight against Austria Hungry and Germany. By July 30th of that year Russia begins mobilizing their army. Though Russia had at this time largest land army in the world it was poorly led. Tzar Nicholas the ...view middle of the document...

Germany also had a huge land army not as big as the Russians but trained and ready for the toughest battles. A couple of Germany’s plans started with success. The Schlieffen plan or the “swinging door” was a plan for the Germans to pass through the Low Countries and swing down France and take the country. It started with some success but the English and French forces stopped the assault and quickly turned the swing door plan into a standstill. The standstill started a whole new type of strategy, trench warfare. For many miles through France trenches were built almost 50 yards apart. Between the two trenches open land where each army would wait for the other to approach giving up some land and then getting it back. The trench warfare for most of the war was at a stale mate. Germany also put in a naval blockade around England. With subs surrounding England there was no way to get goods in and out of the country.
With new strategy comes new technology. This war was the first to implement biochemical warfare. The introduction of mustard and chlorine gas was a help and a burden to the armies. It was both effective and useless during trench warfare. The problem the armies were having with the gas was nature. Sometimes soldiers would through the mustard gas over to the other trench the wind would pick up the gas and bring it right back. Also the airplane was introduced into the battles, and with airplanes comes bombs. At first the airplane bombers where not dropping bombs at all, they were dropping bricks. Before the implement of bombs the “bomber” would drop large stones and bricks on the opposing armies. It wasn’t very long though before the stones changed to bombs. Also the invention of machine guns and mass artillery “rolling thunder” was put into practice in the war.
America’s introduction into the war was not until 1917. America’s isolationism was put to an end after a German U-boat sunk the American cruise ship the Louisitania. Germany’s blockade of England was stopping any trade going in or out of the country. For a time Germans were still allowing the Americans to trade to the country. It wasn’t until the Germans found out...

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