World War II and Evil
The purpose of this paper is to show examples of evil both individual and institutional. Adolf Hitler’s vision of war and genocide was chosen as an example of individual evil. What other person in the 20th century defines evil better than Adolf Hitler? The Japanese invasion and subsequent rape of the then Chinese capital city of Nanking (Nanjing) in December 1937, was chosen as an institutional example of evil. These pages will show how a man rose to power in Germany and set in motion events that engulfed the world’s then superpowers in the costliest war in world history. How an army lost control of it’s men that then looted, burned and then systematically ...view middle of the document...
“Mein Kampf’ is not a book that Hitler actually wrote in the usual sense. He dictated it to Rudolph Hess while pacing his prison cell in 1923-24 and then later at an inn in Berchtesgaden.
In his book, Hitler divides humans into categories based on physical appearance, establishing higher and lower orders, or types of humans. At the top was the Germanic man with his fair skin, blond hair, and blue eyes. Hitler refers to this type of person as an Aryan. He asserts that the Aryan is the supreme form of human, or master race. In Hitler’s mind, since there was a supreme form of human, then there must be others less supreme, or racially inferior. Hitler assigns this position to Jews, the Slavic peoples, most notably Czechs, Poles, and Russians. Hitler also uses the book to explain how the Jews were keeping the master race from assuming it’s rightful position as rulers of the world by tainting it’s racial and cultural purity. He would also like you to believe that Jewish people had invented certain forms of governments in which the Aryan comes to believe in equality and fails to recognize his own racial superiority. In this book he refers to Jews as parasites, liars, dirty, crafty, sly, wily, eternal bloodsuckers, and the mortal enemy of Aryan humanity.
“Mein Kampf” also provides an explanation for the military conquests later attempted by Hitler and the Germans. He states, among other things, that Aryans are the master race and are entitled by that fact to acquire more land for themselves. This Lebensraum, or living space, will be acquired by force and include the lands to the east of Germany, namely Russia. That land would be used to cultivate food and to provide room for the expanding Aryan population at the expense of the Slavic peoples, who were to be removed, eliminated, or enslaved.
“When “Mein Kampf” was released in 1925 it sold poorly. However, after Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, millions of copies were sold. It was considered proper to own a copy and to give one to newlyweds, high school graduates, or other similar occasions. Although it made him rich, Hitler would later express regret that he produced “Mein Kampf”, considering the extent of it’s revelations.” Those revelations concerning the nature of his character and his “blueprint” for Germany’s future served as a warning to the world. That warning was mostly ignored by the world.
Hitler came to power in 1929, when the depression brought the nazi party mass support. He made prime use of his frenzied but magnetic oratory of hate and power his insight into mass psychology, and his mastery of deceitful strategy. His use of Anti-Semitism and Anti-Communism gained him support both with the workers union and the bankers and industrialists. After being defeated in an attempt to be elected president of Germany in 1932, President Paul Von Hinndenburg was persuaded to make Hitler chancellor in 1933. The Reichstag gave Hitler dictatorial powers and he used them to...