World War II Factsheet
By Eniola Ajala
Hello, and welcome to my factsheet all about World War 2! We will be focusing on these main subjects vis-à-vis World War 2: How it started, life as a child during the war and The Diary of Anne Frank, an extraordinary young Jewish girl living in the Second World War. We will start on how World War 2 began, and Germany’s invasions on some countries, such as Czechoslovakia (which is now Czech Republic and Slovakia) and Poland. We shall begin!
What was World War 2?
World War 2 began in 1939 when Germany invaded other European countries. By its end in 1945, the war had involved nearly every part of the world. Britain was on one side ...view middle of the document...
You’ve woken up to the noise of air raid sirens blaring. In the distance is the sound of the planes from the Luftwaffe, the German air force, on an air raid. Their deadly cargo of bombs might fall anywhere. It is frightening – time to head to an underground shelter for safety! Some families had homemade shelters in their gardens. Other families spent the night in public shelters, such as London tube stations.
The bombing of London and other cities is called the Blitz, short for a German word Blitzkrieg. Starting on 7 September 1940, London was bombed for 57 nights in a row. The Blitz continued until 21 May 1941.
Disadvantages of living during the war
The disadvantages of living during the war are:
* Food, petrol, water and other things were in short supply so they were rationed by the Government, because they were worried that food would become scarcer, prices would increase and poor people might not be able to afford things. There was also a danger that people might hoard food, leaving none for others. Every person in Britain was given a ration book, so they had to register and buy products from their chosen shops. When you bought an item it was crossed off the ration book by the shopkeeper. Rationing of food lasted for 14 years, and ended on July 4, 1954.
* The Blackout. Britain was worried that Germany would easily find their targets if there was any light shining in the street, so everyone had to switch off their lights, using black or very dark curtains, streetlights were turned off and car headlights had slotted covers fitted over them. This was called the “blackout”.
* Bombing. The disadvantage of Hitler’s bombs was that children had to be evacuated to the country, leaving their parents and other family members behind. This was because Hitler’s bombs destroyed their schools and many other buildings. This caused school lessons to be taken underground, with all of the books and stationery.
* Jewish Refugees. Also, Adolf Hitler (the troublemaker who started the war in the first place) made a law that any Jewish family living in the war was to be sent to concentration camps to die. This meant that in prevention of being killed, Jewish children had to travel to Britain as refugees to escape these camps.
* Evacuees. Every single child in Britain was evacuated to the country because Britain thought that it would be safer there.
The Diary of Anne Frank
Now comes the interesting WW2 tale of a certain Jewish girl who recorded her most effecting moments in a diary. The remarkable Anne Frank!
Anne Frank is well known because of her diary. It was first published as a book, in Dutch, in 1947. Since then, millions of people have read the thoughts and hopes of one young girl and have been inspired by them.
Anne Frank’s story started when World War 2 began. Anne Frank, her sister, Margot, and parents, Edith and Otto Frank and millions of other Jews were being tracked down to get captured and tortured by Hitler’s...