World WarII- Total Warfare:
The Attack on Civilians
March 18, 2015
During WWII, the term total warfare meant an attack on a whole country, town, or city, everything was under attack even innocent civilians are targeted.
The Germans wiped out many villages making there way through Russia. In one example in Lenigrad as many as 1 million may have died. People were round up and shot, poisoned or they were starved into submission.
The Germans showed no mercy to the Russians, even when they tried to surrender. The Germans had a goal to seize good prime land, and take out the supposed communist threat. They wanted to have complete control and they didn’t care what it took to get it. On December 18, 1940, Hitler signed “Operation Barbosa” the first order to invade Russia. ...view middle of the document...
The S.S. treated them worse than animals, killing them if they felt like it for no reason. The S.S. transferred around 450,000 jews to the Warsaw Ghetto in Poland. In Autumn
1941, the S.S. introduced gas vans these would pipe in deadly gas into places where the Jews were, these were used along with all of there shooting operations. A total of about 6 million Jews were murdered during WWII.
The Germans also wanted to show their superiority to the British. They bombed Britians aircraft factories also Hiltler ordered intense bombing of targets in and around London. They were intent on attacking their economic resources. The Germans used what they called terror bombing, a form of total warfare. This led to the destruction of houses and many civilians deaths. This was the longest sustained aerial bombing to this day.
The Nanking massacre has been called the Rape of Nanking. Starting December 13, 1937 when the Japanese troops captured Nanking. In a six week period of time Japanese troops looted, raped and murdered some say over 300,000 civilian, unarmed Nanking people.
The Britians believed that attacking civilians was illegal and the did not justify it. But, by 1945 the British targeted Dresden the 7th largest German city with really no military significance, hundreds of thousands of people were killed.
On August 6th, 1945 the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, and then three days later bombed Nagasaki Japan. These bombs destroyed over 60% of the cities and killed about 80,000 people. This is the only time in the history of our world that an atomic bomb was and has been used.
World War II was horrible, and every country that was involved used total warfare, either because they thought it would end the war, or that they had no other choice but to use it. Sadly, civilians have taken the brunt of total warfare.