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Wwii Through The 70s Essay

1787 words - 8 pages

The United States went through a major transformation between the period starting with World War II and ending in the 1970’s. Two major turning points that changed America as well as the entire world forever were the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the moon landing of Apollo II in 1969. On August 6th, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese industrial city of Hiroshima. The intent of President Harry Truman was simple: He wanted to end the war, end it decisively and end it without a large amount of American casualties. It was determined by the President and his military commanders that a full-blown ground invasion of Japan could risk the loss of ...view middle of the document...

This event was not without controversy. Many proposed the notion that the moon landing was a hoax, and never actually happened, believing it was staged and performed in a regular television station.
The citizens of America, coming off of a victory during World War I, had no desire to enter into another global conflict. In fact, America, a nation where the economic structure was based on Capitalism, had no real desire to choose a side between two of the major European superpowers. Which were the Soviet Union and Germany, who preached communism and Nazism. Both ideals which were the contradiction of capitalism. The United States, before entering into World War II, had a policy of non-interventionism, which was a policy that was in place in efforts to try and avoid the establishment of international alliances in order to avoid being drawn into war. The American government passed the Neutrality Act of 1939, stating to take neither side in the international war. America was attempting to, at this time, practice isolationism, avoiding the alliances and the potential for war. However, it appeared as though America did not enter World War II until the attack on Pearl Harbor. But in reality, the acts of the government did have major implications on the war efforts. The United States signed the Lend-Lease Act in 1940, which allowed England, an allied power, to borrow American ships for the war. In that same year, the United States stopped the export of iron and steel to Japan. Indirectly, the United States was helping the allied powers long before they were officially drawn into war in December 1941, despite the attempts to remain a neutral force. (Pearl Harbor and the road to war)
Women had a significant impact on the United States efforts to win World War II. Approximately 350,000 women enlisted in the various branches of military, fighting both at home and abroad. For those women that did not enlist, many joined the industrial workforce. Their integration into the mostly male dominated industry was warranted due to the need for more men on the battlefields. So as men were required to leave their jobs, a great need was present to fill the gaps they left behind. Women performed admirably in the workforce, as well as, in the military. However, at the completion of the war, many women found themselves without jobs as the men returned home taking back many of the jobs they left before the war.
Civil rights continued to be a major issue after the end of World War II. Many African American individuals risked their lives in the war to protect America. Upon the wars completion, they were again treated as nothing more than second rate citizens who were subjected to the lower standards of society.
Two major breakthroughs created a turning point in the fight for racial equality. In 1954, the Supreme Court found that separate but equal educational facilities were not equal before the law. This decision found that the separation of black...

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