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Xenophobia Paper

1565 words - 7 pages

Danelle Rossouw CMY3705 Assignment 02

43779689

CONTENTS 1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2 2. Xenophobia in South Africa………………………………………………………………………………….2-3 3. Analyses of the attacks………………………………………………………………………………………….3 4. Roots of Xenophobia……………………………………………………………………………………………4-5 5. Solutions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5 6. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5 7. Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6 8. Appendix A……………………………………………………………………………………………………………7

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Danelle Rossouw CMY3705 Assignment 02

43779689

Introduction One dictionary definition of Xenophobia is an unreasonable fear, distrust, or hatred of ...view middle of the document...

The xenophobic attacks in South Africa was primarily directed against foreigners living in some of the poorest urban areas of the country. However, it has also impacted on those who acquired citizenship by virtue of their specialized skills, such as medical doctors, academics, scientists and engineers. And it has also impacted on those with legitimate work and study permits, such as the tens of thousands of Mozambican mineworkers working in mines, Mathematics teachers from Zimbabwe and foreign university students.

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Danelle Rossouw CMY3705 Assignment 02

43779689

Unfortunately, many South Africans, and not just those living in the poorest areas, are opposed to the presence of a large number of foreigners from other African countries, and they blame foreigners for many of the ills in South Africa, including high unemployment of locals, and crime. During two weeks in May, 2008, a series of attacks took place all over South Africa. In a clash between the poorest of the poor, gangs of local black South Africans descended on informal settlements and shanty towns, armed with clubs, machetes and torches, and attacked immigrants from Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe. Locals accused these immigrants of taking jobs away from them, among other grievances. Over the course of those two weeks, over 60 foreigners were killed, several hundred injured, and many thousands of immigrants are now displaced, or returning to their home countries. Analyses of the Attacks According to Malose Langa, a psychologist at the Johannesburg Centre for the study of Violence and Reconciliation, people are taking out their frustrations out on foreigners instead of directing it at the government who should be the target. Millions of South Africans still don’t have adequate housing and struggle to cope amid poor service delivery and rising food prices. All these things are triggers for violence, says Professor Mike Hough of Pretoria University’s Institute for Strategic Studies. Township residents have long accused the police of corruption and looking the other way when immigrants are involved. They’ve even claimed cops accept bribes from immigrants in exchange for not arresting them. South African history reflects a culture of violence, especially in townships. “We’ve always used violence to solve our problems and bring about change,” Malose Langa said. The attacks started in Alexandra, one of South Africa’s most densely populated townships, where the shortage of jobs may have helped trigger the violence. It spread to other areas because other groups sympathised with the perpetrators. “Individuals lose their ability to think logically and large groups incite one another to perform gruesome acts,” Langa said. The mob mentality is contagious and people spur each other on. Violence becomes like fun and games. The roots of xenophobia We should deal with the fundamental issues that have caused this sad development, not just the symptoms. Both the push and pull factors of the...

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