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With just a few mutations, the influenza virus has become extremely lethal. It is spreading across our nationâ€™s hospitals like wildfire and will soon reach all areas of the United States. This has become a pandemic. This is not a true story today, however, why couldnâ€™t it happen sometime in the future? This story is basis of the book Contagion by Dr. Robin Cook. Even though it is fiction, the chances of these things happening are more real than one would think. Authors who write realistic fiction have a responsibility to not manipulate reality into achieving personal opinion because this leads readers to believe that the proposed situation is not possible but probable
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Tutorial 2Name:YE YINB: The fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole (or even of every proper part).Example1.When a family have a car, it will convenient for them to go out if there is one family. But if every family have their own car, it will leads to traffic congestion.2.If someone find a short way to a place, it will save his time to get there. But if everyone drive that short way, that short way will become the most time-consuming way because there will be a traffic congestion.ImportanceBecause according to the theory of fallacy of composition ,when we conduct a conclusion from
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Fallacy Exercises, part 3
I. Identify the fallacies committed by the following arguments, giving a brief explanation for your answer. If no fallacy is committed, write "no fallacy." NOTE: If an argument is followed by “IGNORE” it is an eample that we didn’t cover and you are not responsible for it.
1. Either we require forced sterilization of Third World peoples or world popula¬tion will explode and all of us will die. We certainly don't want to die, so we must require forced sterilization.
False Dichotomy. These aren’t the only two possibilities. People could control the population by other means.
2. James said that he saw a picture of a beautiful girl stashed in Stephen's
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Voltaire was the French author of the novella Candide, also known as "Optimism" (Durant and Durant 724). Famous as a playwright and essayist, Voltaire’s Candide is the book where he tries to point out the fallacy of Gottfried William von Leibniz's theory of Optimism. He uses satire, and techniques of exaggeration to contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting of their fate. Leibniz, a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaire's time, developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time was "the best of all possible worlds." This systematic optimism shown by Leibniz is the philosophical system that believed
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thinking, one has to remember to ask questions and assume we know nothing.
What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking?
* According to Paul, R. and Elder, L. (2008, p. 6), it mentioned that “fallacy derives from two Latin words, fallax (“deceptive”) and fullere (to deceive”).” Fallacy is also defined by the Marian Webster dictionary as “a wrong belief: a false or mistaken idea and an often plausible argument using false or invalid inference.”
* Established along the definition of fallacy, one can instantly say that it is the imperfections and limitation that exist
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COM 220 Week 1 Assignment
Throughout the introduction and speech there are examples of fallacies, rhetorical devices, and bias. The first example of bias is delivered when introducing Kane. The campaigner introducing Kane refers to “the evil domination of Boss Jim Gettys,” this clearly indicates bias in favor of Kane, and also is an example of the ad hominem fallacy by attacking Jim Gettys rather than his arguments. The campaigner also uses the scare tactics and the false dilemma fallacy when he states “There is only one man who can rid the politics of this State.” There surely could be more candidates than Kane, and his use of fear to try to scare voters into voting for Kane.
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Apple polishing has a number of synonyms, which include brown-nosing, false flattering, and toadying. In all cases, the idea of apple polishing comes from apples given to teachers at school in order to curry favor with the teacher. It can be a mute appeal in the form of a gift to like and thus grade a student better. Alternately, in speech, especially where you want to argue a point, apple polishing is an appeal to flattery and emotion, and thus considered a logical fallacy. Trying to get a teacher or a boss to like you in order to give you better grades or a promotion is a common practice. While it is fine to like a teacher or boss and tell him or her so, constant flattery meant to gain
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freedom and opportunity." He also uses logos, based on the strength of the US. He claims it was attacked because it was a shining beacon for freedom. He also believes because the country is so mighty, this act of terror could not "dent the steel of American resolve." By boasting about the country, he uses pathos to emotionally appeal Americans. The 9-11 incident was a very emotional time for Americans, through his speech Bush was able to emotionally rally the people.One reason for the success of this speech was Bush's use of rhetoric. However, the use of rhetoric can be accompanied by fallacies, used to emphasize one's argument. The most blatant fallacy presented is the bandwagon appeal. Bush
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grade (35 points) on this part. To earn an excellent grade (50 points), you must correctly identify FOUR errors and specifically state what is needed to correct each.
• Part 2 – Identifying Logical Fallacies
o Provide specific examples from the essay that are considered logical fallacies from the list provided on pages 362-399 of the textbook.
o Explain WHY the essay is flawed by describing the logical fallacy by name and applying the fallacy to the statement.
o Minimum of TWO logical fallacies must be correctly identified to earn a passing grade (35 points) on this part. To earn an excellent grade (50 points), you must correctly identify FOUR errors and specifically
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fallacy of hasty generalization whereas she is incorrectly applying one or two examples to all cases. The fallacy of ad hominem argument which is the fallacy of attempting to refute an argument by attacking the opposition’s personal character or reputation, using a corrupted negative argument. The fallacy of Guilt by Association: The fallacy of trying to refute or condemn someone's standpoint, arguments or actions by evoking the negative ethos of those with whom one associates or of a group, religion or race to which he or she belongs.
Argument from Ignorance: The fallacy that since we don’t know (or can never know, or cannot prove) whether a claim is true or false, it must be false
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sunk cost fallacy
* 4 Sunk cost dilemma
* 5 Bygones principle
* 5.1 Example
* 6 Other uses
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 Further reading
The sunk cost is distinct from economic loss. For example, when a car is purchased, it can subsequently be resold; however, it will probably not be resold for the original purchase price. The economic loss is the difference (including transaction costs). The sum originally paid should not affect any rational future decision-making about the car, regardless of the resale value: if the owner can derive more value from selling the car than not selling it, it should be sold, regardless of the price paid. In this sense
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For those who haven't shared a class with me, one of my major concerns in conversations of a certain higher degree is the validity of claims presented as well as logical reasoning. The mind is a smart 'machine', so smart that it can trick itself into believing something that is not true. David Patrick Moynihan, four-term U.S. Senator from New York is quoted in saying that: "Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts."
A logical fallacy is a flaw in the structure of a deductive argument, which leaves the argument invalid. There are several of these, yet two of the most popular are circular reasoning and false premises. Reading through the text beginning on page 20 and
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crucial aspects of how humans survive and overcome challenges that they encounter. He also argued by inquiry for logical reasons for the existence of that unique honor code that applies to the CS course. In supporting this claim the author compared the CS honor code to a well known university called Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where collaboration was not prohibited however, students were required to mark the places where they collaborated.
I discovered in paragraph 16 where you would think that the writer used a logical fallacy; it is not considered a logical fallacy because it is supported with reasons. The potentially assumed logical fallacy is the appeal to pity. As
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prodemocratic or antidemocratic. Western Christianity has certainly been multivocal concerning democracy and the twin tolerations. At certain times in its history, Catholic doctrine has been marshaled to oppose liberalism, the nation-state, tolerance, and democracy. In the name of Catholicism, the Inquisition committed massive human rights violations.
When we consider the question of non-Western religions and their relationship to democracy we should explore whether these doctrines contain multivocal components that are usable for the political construction of the twin tolerations.
2) The fallacy of "unique founding conditions." This fallacy involves the assumption that the unique
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, families have a lot of problems such as divorce and abuse (Hurd, par. 2,-6). Thus parents undertaking the role to educate their children does not in whatsoever way enhance education in the USA.
Meanwhile, another fallacy that exists in the USA regarding the education systems arise from education reformers themselves. They keep on complaining that the public education system in American aren’t working anymore. Yet, these particular individuals have failed to come up with a solution for the same. According to these education reformers, they strongly feel that the best way to overhaul and improve public education system by paying teachers well as well as implementing evaluation on teachers
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taking soft drugs and|
| |series of statements that have a superficial connection with |then move onto hard drugs, and the crime rate will go up and up.|
| |one another, and which lead into what is often a rather |We should therefore prevent crime by allowing smoking. |
| |far-fetched conclusion. | |
1. What is a logical fallacy? a fallacy in logical argumentation. Mistake in reasoning
2. Give an example of an error in logic that someone might
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thinking has been called â€œLateral Thinkingâ€. Lateral Thinking is defined as a way of thinking that is supposed to be less constrained and more creative than normal logical thinking. The concept of lateral thinking is a useful way of alerting us to all the things that we assume without realizing that we have assumed them. But even reasoning is prone to mistakes. When an argument is not valid, we say that it is fallacious. Fallacious reasoning keeps us from knowing the truth, and the inability to think critically makes us vulnerable to manipulation by those skilled in the art of rhetoric.
The word fallacy is often used in everyday language to describe any kind of misinformation or error
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3 out of 3 points
Making a judgment about an entire group based on the behavior of a few from that group is what type of fallacy?
Selected Answer: Overgeneralization
3 out of 3 points
Indecision, not making a decision, is actually a decision in itself.
Selected Answer: True
3 out of 3 points
Seeking to discredit a person’s argument by attacking their personal character, origin, associations, etc. rather than their idea is what type of fallacy?
Selected Answer: Ad Hominem
3 out of 3
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place a warning on their packaging represents a group of people acting on one passing judgment on an entire group or entity. The committee is passing their combined opinion onto the Tobacco industry trying to force them into something they obviously don’t want to do. This seems to me that they are being one sided against something else.
I think the biggest fallacy in this video clip is scapegoating, and it occurs on the part of both parties. The major example of this is the entire committee hearing—nothing specific in this clip is an example of scapegoating, but the hearing as a whole insinuates that cigarettes are more harmful than anything. I feel that the committee hearing is
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person’s body. When a person is feeling guilty for something they’ve done it is not because their religion controls how they feel depending on the thing they’ve done, but are caused from their inner conscience. I think Nietzsche was correct on this idea especially in saying priests have no control over human emotions. Nietzsche believes that God doesn't give people these feelings either; I think God might be indirectly involved in causing feelings of guilt if He gave human’s their consciences. Nietzsche uses the fallacy of a weak analogy in this portion of this argument which weakens his point; because he does not believe in God, he compares God to the priests, assuming if one is not responsible
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wont have enough time to study, with hardly any time to study their grades will drop, with grades dropping the college students might drop out of college to save up money to put themselves back into college, all as the article mentions. All of this reasoning can also be classified under the fallacy known as the “false cause fallacy” where one event causes another to happen but in this case it doesn’t really seem to be a “false cause” as to why some students will drop out of college and have multiply jobs. A non-factual claim made in this article could be when Liz Cara, president of the SJSU chapter of the California Faculty Association, “she noted that the cuts are not inevitable” (Griffy and
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knowledge. The empty doorway has no one standing in the way. In other words, no one should be able to force one particular interpretation of a poem on someone. Anyone can take a certain poem and interpret it anyway they wish. Pathetic fallacy in the second stanza enforces the idea that “a poem should be motionless in time.” MacLeish uses the moon as a continuous symbol of the affect poetry should have on people. “The moon releases twig by twig the night-entangled trees,” suggests that a poem should illuminate new ideas for people. People should have the ability to think at a deeper level or search for deeper meaning after reading a poem. The poet uses “the flight of birds” to convey the idea
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Muslims are terrorists.
2. False Cause
A phone is missing in the classroom. Randy Boggart John A. George Jr. was the last person who went the classroom. Therefore, Randy Boggart John A. George Jr. was the one who stole the phone.
3. Neglected Aspect/ Suppressed Evidence
Mark invited Ruzzel in Marianne’s debut without telling her that her ex-boyfriend was also invited.
4. Fallacy of Accident
A person who carries a gun in the mall has a bad intention. A security guard working in the mall carries a gun. Therefore, a security guard has a bad intention.
III. Miscellaneous Fallacies:
1. Begging the Question (Petitio Principii)
a) Assumptio Non Probata (Assumed but
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In ‘The Seduction’ by Eileen McAuley the writer uses the social problem of stereotyping to help the reader understand the concept of why it is wrong to stereotype by using the character of a pregnant girl (which in society is looked down upon) to help the emphasise with anyone who is in this situation but is frowned upon. The start of the poem doesn’t empathise with the girl but instead uses small sentences to engulf the reader into wondering what she’s doing with this boy and what happened. Eileen McAuley uses pathetic fallacy discretely because what they’re doing isn’t romantic but dirty and holds no sentimental purpose - especially not for the boy. All the boy wants to do is get off
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Sebastianâ€™s home of toy friends
Zoraâ€™s brutal death
First Person perspective
Epistolary narrative form â€“ letters
Gothic style of writing
Romantic style of writing
Pathetic fallacy and metonymy
Symbolism, metaphors and similes
Allusions: Historical, Biblical and Mythological
Slow motion effects
Colour/ colour grading
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1. Economics studies choices that arise from one fact. What is that fact?
* Aside from the fact that there is scarcity, human wants/needs are insatiable.
2. Provide three examples of wants in the country today that are specially pressing but not satisfied.
a. Quality Education
b. Proper Health Care Benefit
c. Clean Drinking Water
3. Provide two examples of the post hoc fallacy.
a. Bill purchases a new PowerMac and it works fine for months. He then buys and installs a new piece of software. The next time he starts up his Mac, it freezes. Bill concludes that the software must be the cause of the freeze.
b. Joan is scratched by a cat while visiting her friend
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I did this assignment on the Citizen Kane speech. I feel that not only did the campaigner show a bias towards Jim Gettys, but Citizen Kane showed political bias towards him as well. Citizen Kane belittled Jim Gettys’ ability to run the state to his fullest potential. He stated that he needed to point out and make known the dishonesty and downright villainy, of Boss Jim Gettys’ political machine that is in complete control of the state. Another form of bias used was Ethnic bias to describe the citizens of the state as “the working man” and “the underfed,” just to name a few. I think that this speech has one main fallacy, ad hominen. Citizen Kane attacks Jim Gettys throughout his entire
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rhetoric Christians perfected, such as the blood libel, the Zionist world domination conspiracy, and that Jews are satanic sub-humans.
I view both Christians and Muslims as â€œcut from the same clothâ€ and treat them with suspicion due to their tradition of seeking converts, at times through violence. Both of their religious traditions represent, to me, superstition, fallacy, and humanities propensity to believe in a falsehood than to accept truth. As Thomas Jefferson stated:
I have examined all the known superstitions of the world and I do not find in our particular superstition of Christianity one redeeming feature. They are all alike founded on fables and mythology. Millions of
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Among many people there is a belief is evil. "Money is the root of all evil", they say. There is a fallacy in this belief. Money is simply a medium to obtain things that we need. First, however, Jacob warns us to seek the kingdom of God. (See 3 Nephi 13:33) After that, He will give us the money that we need to help others. David O. McKay said, "Gold does not corrupt man; it is the motive of acquiring that gold that corruption occurs." (David O. McKay, Treasures of Life, pp. 174-175) 4.) Jacob 3:1 (Pure in heart) Jacob directs his words to the pure of heart. I believe that he does this because it is they who will humble themselves and follow the words of God. When those of pure
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but a fallacy. Now on an intellectual journey, Plato explains how the freed pioneer discovers real shadows, reflections and beauties of the world.
The account proceeds to say how he remembers his old abode and fellow-prisoners and what he knows now, as their pitiful state. He wishes he could liberate them from their unaware state. The piece explores, if he was to return to his former state in the cave, he would rather tolerate anything than to follow the false and miserable beliefs of the prisoners again.
Furthermore, Plato encourages humanity to think of the freed prisoner’s efforts to persuade his companions to acknowledge the truth, which results in futile attempts as they are
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extreme or the other (later we examine it as the “either/or fallacy”).
drawing broad conclusions on the basis of a single incident.
a common characteristic of anxious people in which they consider the worst possible outcome of an event.
5. Selective abstraction:
focusing on one detail of a situation and ignoring the larger picture.
Decision making process
Cause and effect diagram
A persuasive problem statement
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-2009). Logical Fallacies. In T. Cooley, Back to the Lake 2nd edition (p. 525). New York London: W.W. Norton & Company .
Defending the Bible. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.defendingthebible.org/sweeping-generalization.html
Gracyk, T. (2012, August 24). Philosophy 105. Retrieved from Philosophical Thinking: http://www.web.mnstate.edu/gracyk/courses/phil%20101/BasicFallicies.htm#loaded
Hagin, M. (2002, November 27). false cause. Retrieved from http://ksuweb.kennesaw.edu/~shagin/log-pbc-falsecause.htm
Logical Fallicies. (2009). Retrieved from Equivocation Fallacy: http://www.logicalfallicies.info/ambiguity/equivocation/
Logical Fallicies. (2009). Retrieved from Slippery Slope: http://www.logicalfallicies.info/presumption/slippery-slope/
Perry, M. (2014, January 14). From Abracadabra to Zombies. Retrieved from The Skeptics Dictionary: http://www.skepdic.com/begging.html
red herring examples. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.redherringexamples.com/
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of New York's lower east side or the tenant farms of the South. [The conspirators] came to high government posts from Harvard Law School."
Communism's fallacy is the belief in everyone's benevolence; yet, human nature proves otherwise. Communism cannot create a perfect society with imperfect people. Hence, to direct Utopia, communism produces a totalitarian government over the less-perfect people, ruled by the perfect people - communists. Thus, communism's true nature creates a controlling government in the name of a better world.
Not every supporter needs be a knowing conspirator. Supporters could be "under the [communists'] spell." Therefore, the true communist threat
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| | |back?” The question that was asked assumes that the tools to fight back are |
| | |already known. If we knew how to fight against bullying then we wouldn’t be |
| | |having the problems we have today. |
| | | |
|6 |Identify and name any fallacies used by the |The fallacy that was used was the “Appeal to Popularity”. The author used |
| |author. Explain your reasoning
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. Red teams, sneakers, and tiger teams are all examples of _________.
a. white hat hackers
c. social engineers
8. Which fallacy is described by the quote â€œAccessing a system without authorization is okay, as long as nothing is stolen or damaged in the processâ€?
a. The computer game fallacy
b. The law-abiding citizen fallacy
c. The no-harm was done fallacy
d. The hacker fallacy
9. Attacking a companyâ€™s Web applications to prevent them from being vulnerable is an example of which of the following?
a. Ethical hacking if you are an employee
b. A legal activity if the application is one you use
c. Black hat hacking
d. Ethical hacking if you
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allegory through such textual features such as the hidden hieroglyphs, the mysteriously abrupt ending and the gloomy figure that confronts them. A text that Poe himself would only elaborate as “A silly book” highlighting the provocatively mysterious nature of this author and his relationship with the text. (Kopely, 1992)(Sova, 2001)
One of the first contemporary theories to challenge the idea of the Author’s presence in a novel was from that of W.K Wimsatt and Monroe Beardsley, and their essay ‘The Intentional Fallacy’ in 1954. This theory can be divided into three modes of evidence we use to decipher the intention of an author; these three modes being internally, externally
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between cognitive biases and logical fallacies. A logical fallacy is an error in logical argumentation (e.g. ad hominem attacks, slippery slopes, circular arguments, appeal to force, etc.). A cognitive bias, on the other hand, is a genuine deficiency or limitation in our thinking — a flaw in judgment that arises from errors of memory, social attribution, and miscalculations (such as statistical errors or a false sense of probability).
Some social psychologists believe our cognitive biases help us process information more efficiently, especially in dangerous situations. Still, they lead us to make grave mistakes. We may be prone to such errors in judgment, but at least we can be aware of
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rates when making decisions because they tend to use their preexisting beliefs about probabilistic category attributes too much rather than not enough. Cognitive psychologists term decision making as the base-rate fallacy that links a decision maker’s tendency to ignore base rates in favor of individual perceptions when such information is available. Explaining this judgment events is correlated to how managers and leaders relate information to its realized degree of relevance allowing high-relevance information to supersede low relevance information. Information is also reasoned to be more relevant when it relates more specifically to a judged target case. The base-rate fallacy is in
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outlining the coin, Arafat tends to believe it and represents the coin as an evidence towards his claims by changing the observed, the coin. Arafat’s other evidence, the flag, which he states the two blue lines refers to the Nile and the Euphrates rivers, is consistent with Shermer’s “Theory Influences Observations” fallacy. Because Arafat wants to believe in a secret plan, he tends to see so. The map which Arafat claims to be hidden in the Israeli parliament is compatible with another statement by Shermer, which informs that rumors do not mean a claim is true. There is also the fact that Yasir Arafat is a powerful and trusted leader; therefore, people consider his words to be true. Shermer
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someone else in some room alone is reason enough for it to be considered as adultery (Shaughnessy & Byers, 2013). The second argument that is most debatable is whether people should be made aware of the benefits of pornography for example the aspect that it can strengthen the relationship yet others would argue that this would make people only more curious and increase the number of people watching pornography.
5. Does the author commit any fallacies? Are there any passages that may resemble a fallacy, but actually aren’t? Explain your answers carefully.
I think the author commits a fallacy by taking a stand that pornography is adultery. I agree that pornography has its negative effects
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literature before looking at other strategies.
The New Criticism posits that every text is autonomous. History, biography, sociology, psychology, author's intention and reader's private experiences are all irrelevant. Any attempt to look at the author's relationship to a work is called "Intentional Fallacy." Any attempt to look at the reader's individual response is called "the Affective Fallacy." New Criticism argues that each text has a central unity. The responsibility of the reader is to discover this unity. The reader's job is to interpret the text, telling in what ways each of its parts contributes to the central unity. The primary interest is in themes. A text is spoken by a persona
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disappointed later in learning of their fallacy. Chinese immigrants first came for "Gold Mountain," where America was rich and generous. However, they ended up being forced to work for minimum wages and prevented from striking by racist tactics where plantation or factory owners played race pride and jealousy off one another. Asian Americans also trusted in America's equality and fairness until they experienced the extremity of America's racism and almost xenophobia, even within the government (Foreign Miners Tax for example). Many Native Americans trusted in the treaties of protection set up by the government, until they were repeatedly broken or forgotten. After this struggle and abuse
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sixty-one pages. A reader not versed in critical thinking skills might not be able to fully see what type of flaw Hitchens is setting up in his argument. The reader who is versed with the skills might take particular notice that shows religion to be of great evil such as when Hitchens makes the claim that “The true believer cannot rest until the world bows the knee” (31). What Hitchens has done in this section is set up a straw man fallacy, which defined by the Critical Thinking text book is when a “writer distorts, exaggerates, or otherwise misrepresents an opponent’s position” (Moore and Parker 215). The textbook also states the straw man argument often includes circumstances “that the
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Slippery Slope fallacy.
AIU Online. (2012). PHIL 201: Unit 3: Logical Fallacies [Multimedia presentation]. Retrieved
from AIU Online Virtual Campus. Introduction to Philosophy: PHIL201- 1203A:02
Solomon, Robert C. & Higgins, Kathleen M. (2010). The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to
Philosophy. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning
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result the following sayings on statistics.
• "Statistics can prove anything".
• "Figures do not lie, liars figure".
• There are three kinds of lies-"lies, damned lies and statistics". What all these mean is that if the data are handles by untrained people then the results arrived from the statistical methods would be false.
Misuse of statistics .
Occurs when a statistical argument asserts a falsehood. In some cases, the misuse may be accidental. In others, it is purposeful and for the gain of the perpetrator. When the statistical reason involved is false or misapplied, this constitutes a statistical fallacy.
The false statistics trap can be quite damaging to the quest for knowledge
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consider is the implication of the future job prospects. His first explanation of the argument he proposed is that the incentive to invest in children’s education should rise because educated workers will enjoy higher salaries, therefore indirectly creating a greater return to parents themselves. The fallacy of this argument is that it only holds true if returns on education are significant. Bhagwati assumes that future job prospects are strong which indeed makes education a “superior good.” However if a given country’s economy is weak and unstable, without guaranteed future job opportunities, parents are still more prone to send their children to work. In spite of being able to afford sending
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normative economic analysis:
a. An increase in the minimum wage will lead to a higher rate of teenage unemployment.
b. If the government reduces the tax on tobacco, more individuals will start smoking.
c. The government should lower taxes because tax rates are too high for the average U.S. family.
d. Wealthy senior citizens can afford to buy their own health insurance and therefore should not be given Medicare coverage.
e. If the price of apples increases, people will buy more bananas
6) Explain what the fallacy of composition is and give an example
7) Explain what is meant by allocative efficiency.
8) Explain the difference between economic
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sensitivity of shoppers to modifications in the cost of an item. (McConnell and Brue, 2004). Bury is even now attempting to decide if adjusting the price will have an effect on buyer demand (UOP, 2008).
Fallacy of Composition
There is a wrong supposition that â€œwhat is true for one individual or part of a whole is true for a group or the wholeâ€ (McConnell and Brue, 2004). Bury must not suppose that since his buddy sold more artwork at higher rates, he must increase his rates (UOP, 2008).
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damages of past and minimize the number of wildfires one day.
Rebecca Lindsey, Amazon Fires on the Rise, March 5, 2008
Rhett Butler, Global Commodities Boom Fuels New Assault on Amazon, 19 June 2008 e360.yale.edu/content/feature.msp?id=2010
Adrian Marnewick, Cigarette Butts as Fire Starters: Facts and Fallacy, 26 August 2009
Tim Post, Minnesota Public Radio, May 2, 2006
After the Fire is Out, Minnesota's Wildfire Investigation Team Goes to Work
L. Westerling, published in Science Express on 6 July 2006
Warming and Earlier Spring Increase Western U.S. Forest Wildfire Activity
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used with this stereotype. For example from a Koreans perspective. I saw a big black guy. In the movies the big black guys are usually thugs, or play sports. Therefore the black guy I saw from the states must be a thug or play sports. The mistakes in this argument are that one has a generalized perception on black males (African Americans). This fallacy is committed when the conclusion is based on insufficient information: a generalization made too quickly (Mosser, 2012). Not all African Americans play sports and are thugs.
I am often guilty of Hasty Generalization arguments. I have this perception that most high level government employees are not in-touch with the workplace nor do they