Reinforcement Essay Examples

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Strength of an Organization Essay

991 words - 4 pages is the Reinforcement Theory. The Reinforcement Theory pretty much states that a person can be motivated by its consequences. So depending on if those consequences are positive or negative, you can change someone’s motivation. Many employees have different motivation reasons so if you understand what motivates someone; you can understand how to get them to increase their productivity at a lower cost or no cost or all. There are four primary approaches to reinforcement theory: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, extinction, and punishment. So how does the Reinforcement Theory relate to the Hovey and Beard Company? We will start with positive reinforcement. Positive VIEW DOCUMENT
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Conditioning and Child Rearing Essay

787 words - 4 pages Conditioning and How it Can be Applied to Child Rearing Operant conditioning can be defined as, learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened, depending on its favorable or unfavorable consequences. When we say that a response has been strengthened or weakened, we mean that is has been made more or less likely to occur (Feldman, 2009). We can achieve such conditioning by using reinforcement. Reinforcement is the process by which a stimulus increases the probability that a preceding behavior will be repeated (Feldman, 2009). There are three main reinforcements, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and punishment. We will look at positive and negative VIEW DOCUMENT
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Positive Psychology Essay

638 words - 3 pages Palwasha khan Positive Reinforcement A particular type of behavior that refers as strengthening of one’s behavior by rewarding or encouraging for some act is called as positive reinforcement. When a favorable outcome or event or reward occurs after an action; it empowers the person for maintaining or shaping the behavior further (Cherry, 2011). The purpose of praise is to reinforce and increase positive behavior. For example, a teacher praised a student for getting ‘A’ grade or a worker got bonus for good performance in the company. Negative Reinforcement A particular type of behavior that refers to the development of a behavior as an outcome of avoiding a certain action is called VIEW DOCUMENT
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Positive Psychology Essay

638 words - 3 pages Palwasha khan Positive Reinforcement A particular type of behavior that refers as strengthening of one’s behavior by rewarding or encouraging for some act is called as positive reinforcement. When a favorable outcome or event or reward occurs after an action; it empowers the person for maintaining or shaping the behavior further (Cherry, 2011). The purpose of praise is to reinforce and increase positive behavior. For example, a teacher praised a student for getting ‘A’ grade or a worker got bonus for good performance in the company. Negative Reinforcement A particular type of behavior that refers to the development of a behavior as an outcome of avoiding a certain action is called VIEW DOCUMENT
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Autism Classical conditioned Essay

787 words - 4 pages Response 2 Describe the difference between classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning. Your explanation should include how classical conditioning works and you should use the following in your description: US, UR, CS, CR. Likewise, explain the process of instrumental conditioning and explain what is meant by reinforcement and punishment. Good answers will include concrete personal examples. Absence of examples will result in grade penalties. Classical conditioning occurs when you learn to compare two different stimuli, and no behavior is involved. The first stimulus you will encounter is the unconditioned stimulus. An unconditioned stimulus produces a response without VIEW DOCUMENT
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Case Study

521 words - 3 pages . How did Cliff take advantage of principles of operant conditioning to modify his staff's behavior?  2. Why did Cliff's predecessor's strategy of punishing undesirable behavior not work very well? Even if punishment and reinforcement strategies were equally effective at controlling behavior, why would reinforcement remain preferable?  3. How did Cliff make use of partial reinforcement schedules? What kinds of schedules did he use?  4 . How could Cliff use his technique to train his staff to complete a complex new task that they had never done before?  5. How might Cliff make use of principles of cognitive learning theory to improve his staff's productivity even further VIEW DOCUMENT
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Behavior Modification Essay

619 words - 3 pages behavior are the result of an individual’s response to events” (Skinner and Markle). Behavior holds true to that very quote and can be reflected upon by how we react to situations every day. If we learn that if we do well in school we will get approval by adults and want to still do well in school to keep their approval. Behaviorism plays a major role in breaking a habit. Punishment and reinforcement are the bases for this theory and how it works. Reinforcement works like the example from the last paragraph about approval from adults by doing well in school. Although, there are two types of reinforcement: positive and negative. Positive reinforcement will cause a habit to continue by VIEW DOCUMENT
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Final Note of Extreme Isolation Essay

1249 words - 5 pages Valerie DiGloria Mr. Matthews PSY 150-108 March 18, 2015 Learning HW Part A. Read each of the following examples. I. If you decide the situation seems to be an example of classical conditioning, you should label the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR. II. If you decide the situation seems to be an example of operant conditioning, you should identify whether it is positive or negative reinforcement, or punishment. SITUATION 1 A very bright (mildly painful) light is turned on a rat. The rat has learned that he can turn off the light by pressing a lever on the other side of his cage. As soon as the light comes on, the rat runs across the room and presses the lever. A. The behavior of pressing the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Operant Conditioning in Child Training Essay

2271 words - 10 pages Running head: REINFORCEMENT AND PUNISHMENT Parent’s Perspective in Giving Reinforcement and Punishment Josiah Lee Kah Ping Singapore Human Resources Institute Academy Diploma in Organisational Psychology – Principles of Psychology Mr Goh Kay Hee (MAAP) Abstract Operant conditioning was coined by BF Skinner, meaning an organism was taught to repeat acts that lead to favourable results and to avoid acts that lead to unfavourable ones. This could be further breakdown into 3 types of operant which are neutral, reinforcer and punisher. Using qualitative research method, the data collected was from a recorded interview with a participant who is a parent himself. From the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Positive Behavior Support Pbs Essay

1213 words - 5 pages Positive and Negative Reinforcement Kevin Freeman Grand Canyon University: SPE-522 October 2 20126, Reinforcement is an essential part in identifying and encouraging a certain behavior. In the most classic definition, positive reinforcement is a method of identifying to children which behaviors are acceptable and appropriate and which are not (Sigler, E. & Aamidor, S, 2005). Reinforcement is often given as praise for doing a certain task. As educators, saying “great job” or a simple word like “fantastic” are expressed towards students as praise. However, when a student is struggling and praise is given such as “you are doing so well”, the negative aspects of praise present VIEW DOCUMENT
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Pgs101 Exam2 Studyguide

811 words - 4 pages while discussing classical conditioning?)? • What is a gestalt and what are the gestalt principles guiding vision? • What are the purposes of REM sleep? • What does it mean to be a smart/critical drug user according to our lecture in class? • How might our age and/or smoking and drinking influence our sense of taste? • Know all of Dr. Volkow’s key points in her interview; • What is the difference between punishment and a negative reinforcer and give examples of each? • What are the differences between the major three learning paradigms? • Why can you see in color and why can you perceive depth? • What effect does intermittent reinforcement have on a conditioned response? • Why is VIEW DOCUMENT
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Procrastination

854 words - 4 pages . Procrastination is something that it very hard to change, but I am willing to do whatever it take to change it. In order to change my procrastination behavior, I need to have reinforcements for myself and hold myself accountable for them. Positive and negative reinforcements are the two types used to effect a change in a behavior. A positive reinforcement is a stimulus added to the environment that brings about an increase in a preceding response (Feldman, 2009) Negative reinforcement is an unpleasant stimulus whose removal leads to an increase in a preceding response (Feldman, 2009). Something that I could use to help me change my behavior would be using a positive reinforcement such as VIEW DOCUMENT
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Case Study

550 words - 3 pages 1. Stewart utilizes all of the points in the performance improvement cycle in her management technique. By taking the time to figure out who accomplished what tasks, thanking them, and commending their efforts really shows that positive reinforcement is important to Stewart. She also takes the time to group other employees together to show them what they should strive for by showing off the good work done by other employees. This technique really sets realistic goals for the other employees. She asks a lot of questions and then utilizes everyone to come up with a solution that works. In doing so she is coaching her crews and providing them with feedback in what they accomplish. 2 VIEW DOCUMENT
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Behavior Analysis

5656 words - 23 pages Schedules of Reinforcement Continuous- reinforcement is the exception rather than the rule; we more frequently see intermittent reinforcement of behavior. Continuous: every response is reinforced Intermittent: only some instances reinforced * Schedules of reinforcement: Primarily concerned with intermittent relations (between behavior and its consequences) Reinforcement schedules-rules for arranging consequences (or describe how consequences are arranged) Defined by contingencies: Different schedules=different conditions under which responses produce reinforcement. Importance of schedules lies mainly in their ability to produce orderly and predictable patterns of behavior VIEW DOCUMENT
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Positive Reinforcements in the Workplace

2352 words - 10 pages POSITIVE REINFORCEMENTS IN THE WORKPLACE For an organization, good work is rewarded with some type of a positive reinforcement. By doing the positive reinforcement, the act which was rewarded had a pleasant result and makes the employee want to continue to do good work. Behavior is a function of its consequences (Love, 2005). Managers have to do some type of positive reinforcement to keep the employees doing great performances and that leads to the organization’s good repetition and what keeps the business going. Some forms of positive reinforcements in the workplace are: • Contests- to recognize and reward top performance • Promoting fun and values • Rewards which should be VIEW DOCUMENT
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Classical Conditioning Versus Operant Conditioning - Changes on Behavior

643 words - 3 pages is a decrease in frequency or strength of a learned response due to the failure to continue to pair the unconditioned stimulus and the unconditioned response. (Woolfolk,2007) In the 1950’s BF Skinner developed the theory that behavior is strengthened and weakened by consequences and antecedents. (Woolfolk,2007) Skinner believed that if there was a behavior that one wanted strengthened, then after the behavior was displayed a reinforcement, the use of consequences to strengthen a behavior, should be given to strengthen the behavior. (Woolfolk,2007) There are two types of reinforcement, positive reinforcement is strengthening a behavior by presenting a desired stimulus after the behavior VIEW DOCUMENT
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Answerkey.Doc

544 words - 3 pages duplication | Polymorphic species | Secondary contact | Cryptic species | Fusion | Phylogenetic species concept | Reinforcement | Monophyletic group | Hybridization | Clade | Hybrid zone | Lineage | Ring species | Synapomorphy | Hybrid speciation | Common ancestor/common ancestry | | Outline * Speciation occurs when a single ancestral group splits into two or more species * Results from genetic isolation and genetic divergence * How are species defined and identified * Biological species concept * Reproductive isolation * Prezygotic * Temporal * Habitat * Behavioral * Gametic barrier VIEW DOCUMENT
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Formation of Relationships

657 words - 3 pages Discuss two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships. (8 marks + 16 marks) Reward/need satisfaction theory suggests that we become attracted to people who evoke positive feelings as they provide direct reinforcement through operant conditioning. If the presence of an individual leads to a positive outcome, they will be perceived as more attractive. We are thus more likely to repeat these behaviours towards that individual, leading to the formation of a relationship. We also become attracted to people who are associated with positive events through classical conditioning. People who are associated with these positive events acquire positive value, increasing our VIEW DOCUMENT
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Nvq Level 3

1727 words - 7 pages person’s environment or daily routines that do not necessarily happen immediately before the challenging behaviours, but still affect whether these behaviours are performed. * Fast triggers, which are specific events that occur immediately prior to the behaviour. Their impact upon behaviour is rapid or immediate. 3.3 Analyse the role of reinforcement in maintaining behaviour Reinforcement strengthens behaviour and is of two types – positive and negative. Positive reinforcement works because individuals gain access to things or events that they like or want while negative reinforcement works because individuals get rid of things that they don’t like. 3.4 Explain the time-intensity VIEW DOCUMENT
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Superstitious

1048 words - 5 pages of the pigeons' actions, Skinner believed that the pigeons were trying to influence their feeding schedule by performing these actions. He then extended this as a proposition regarding the nature of superstitious behaviour in humans.[6] Skinner's theory regarding superstition being the nature of the pigeons' behaviour has been challenged by other psychologists such as Staddon and Simmelhag, who theorised an alternative explanation for the pigeons' behaviour.[7] Despite challenges to Skinner's interpretation of the root of his pigeons' superstitious behaviour, his conception of the reinforcement schedule has been used to explain superstitious behaviour in humans. Originally, in Skinner's VIEW DOCUMENT
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Addiction

2511 words - 11 pages therefore only be cured through medicine. Behavioural (learning) model of addictive behaviour This model is based on the principles of learning and the assumption that all behaviour is learned through association (classical conditioning), reinforcement (operant conditioning), or social learning (social learning theory) from environmental experience. Thus, addiction is the learning of maladaptive and dysfunctional behaviour. Cognitive model of addictive behaviour This model suggests cognitive dysfunction underpins addiction. The individual is an information processor and it is a breakdown in cognitive processing that causes the addiction. Irrational, obsessive, and faulty thinking can affect VIEW DOCUMENT
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Behavioral and Social Learning

1263 words - 6 pages examined the behaviorist perspective to comparing and contrasting the two learning approaches. The behaviorist approach views personality as a mirror of erudite deeds obtained through either classical (Pavlovian) or operant (Skinnerian) conditions of reinforcement by virtue of rewards and punishment (Burger, 2008). A comparatively current addition of Social learning is the Cognitive behavioral approach that accentuates the learning and performance process. Social-Cognitive theory (Bandurain) also engages in thinking and figurative method of information (Burger, 2008, p. 371). Behavioral learning approach was influenced by John B. Watson (1978 – 1958) in 1913. According VIEW DOCUMENT
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Operant Conditioning

4801 words - 20 pages order to change behaviour. The order of events can be summed up as: S --------⋄ R ---------------⋄ consequence Lever --⋄ press ----------⋄ food pellet is dispensed Skinner described five consequences of responses. Four of these are shown in Table 4.1. The fifth consequence is to ignore the response. | |Given |Taken away | |Pleasant |Positive reinforcement, e.g. a reward such as |Punishment by removal, e.g. being 'grounded', | | |sweets, money VIEW DOCUMENT
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Outline and Evaluate the Behaviourist, Including Two Behavioural Therapies

1421 words - 6 pages “outline and evaluate the behaviourist, including two behavioural therapies” Introduction Behaviourist approach: All behaviours learned from experiences that a person has had in their environment. All behaviour is learned through reinforcement or punishment. This was through Watson (1913) Pavlov (1849-1936) and through Skinner (1904-1990). The following pages outline operant and classical conditioning and behaviour therapies. Classical conditioning Classical conditioning is reflex behaviour and is voluntary to the appreciate stimulus. The theory aims to account the way a new stimulus is associated with reflex behaviour. Classical conditioning was later applied to humans VIEW DOCUMENT
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Case Study Monitor 23

906 words - 4 pages further induces is negative mood, heightened strain, burnout, and poor job performance. The next constraint to his job performance is the leadership style and characteristics of his superior. His superior sounds as though he does not exhibit interpersonal skills. The case study states that he would call Paul into his office and ask of him what the problem was but he wouldn’t really want to listen. It also states that his superior read weakness into any personal problems so the workers were to keep their personal life separate from their work life. The case study also portrays that the type of rewards or punishment that his superior offers is negative reinforcement. Negative reinforcement is the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Unilab Leading Techniques

1026 words - 5 pages UNITED LABORATORIES I. Leading Technique UNILAB follows the INTERACTIVE LEADERSHIP style. They uphold values of inclusion, collaboration, relationship building and caring for one another. UNILAB leaders make it a point to collaborate with its employees. Employees are often asked to form in groups to brainstorm to help in decision-making. Caring for one another like family is also one of the values that UNILAB strongly upholds. They live the “Bayanihan spirit” just like the Father of UNILAB, Jose Y. Campos did. This is the reason why despite being a big company, UNILAB does not have any union group. II. Motivation Technique A. Reinforcement Theory Unilab utilizes the Reinforcement VIEW DOCUMENT
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Inclusion

696 words - 3 pages hang on." - Thomas Jefferson Dr. Phillip Strain offers Keys to Understanding and Encouraging Behavior tips: (1.) Any behavior that persists is working for the individual involved. I agree with this, if a child is getting negative attention, he is probably getting exactly what he wants. (2.) A single event is of little consequence, but the repeated pattern of behavior is. (3.) Starting point for dealing with behaviors, is to remember that every behavior has a mutually incompatible counterpart. (4.) Be consistent. Catch your child being good! Use reinforcement to increase a behavior. Reward small steps, making considerations when selecting reinforcers. Use continuous reinforcement VIEW DOCUMENT
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Hovey & Beard Company

655 words - 3 pages Katelyn O’Connor Week 3 1. Discuss how the principles of job design and reinforcement theory apply to the performance problems at the Hovey and Beard Company. Principals of Job design exhibited at the Hovey and Beard Company, a production company who made toys. Toy painters were experiencing the following problems: New painters learned at a slower pace (making the other painters lose money on rewards per piece) the assembly line hooks moved too fast, painters blamed management. Incentive pay wasn’t adequate for workers and it was too hot working so close to the drying ovens. One painter, who worked with the company the longest, was appointed by other painters to address their concerns VIEW DOCUMENT
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Motivational Change

1189 words - 5 pages consequences it holds for individuals (Lombardi and Schermerhorn, 2007). These consequences include positive and negative reinforcement, punishment, and extinction. However, even though these external factors can be valuable tools, we are going to have to be careful when motivating employees through the use of these various forces. This is because operant conditioning motivation techniques can often deliver short-term results in the workplace and in the long run can damage relationships (Strickler, 2006). This motivational technique can sometimes create and encourage internal competition for rewards, and destroy intrinsic motivation by reducing work to an economic transaction (Strickler, 2006). Thus VIEW DOCUMENT
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Psychology

3978 words - 16 pages .  pulling  the  lever  is  reinforced  through  primary  reinforcement   B.  pulling  the  lever  is  reinforced  continuously   C.  pulling  the  lever  is  reinforced  on  a  variable-­‐interval  schedule   D.  pulling  the  lever  is  reinforced  on  a  variable-­‐ratio  schedule  Correct     Broadly  speaking,  nature  is  to  nurture  as  the  _______  is  to  the  ________.   A.  neutral  stimulus;  CS   B.  CS;  US   C.  CR;  UR   D.  UR;  CR  Correct     Garcia's  taste  conditioning VIEW DOCUMENT
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Learning Experience

876 words - 4 pages conditioning uses a positive/negative and a reinforcement/punishment system. Simply, behaviors that are followed by a satisfying state of affairs are strengthened and more likely to occur , whereas behaviors followed by an annoying or unpleasant state of affairs are weakened and less likely to occur. If the individual begins to get scared, nervous or just uncomfortable around clowns, then that fear is increasing. This would be a good reason why the individual would avoid clowns altogether. The individual could avoid attending a circus, the consequence would be avoid seeing a clown (which would may the individual scared), and the effect on the behavior would be increased absences at future circus VIEW DOCUMENT
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Similarities and Differences of Bhaviorism and Psychodynamic

744 words - 3 pages both been unwell and all his mum’s attention was on them. In this example, Rashid received a positive reinforcement (the youth workers shouting at him was an attention for him) which is rewarding because all he wanted was attention as his mum’s attention was on his unwell siblings. So that is why he kept on with his behaviour. If the youth workers and the group of young people have given him a negative reinforcement which is not giving him any attention at all but taking away his chocolates and not allowing him to play football (negative punishment) would stop him from behaving the way he was or he would be less likely to behave in that way in the future. Components of Operant Conditioning VIEW DOCUMENT
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Phobias & Addictions

1225 words - 5 pages individually. According to Grant, Potenza, Weinstein & Gorelick, (2010), an addicted individual will go to great lengths to familiarize themselves with the cravings and desires that are needed to connect with a certain behavior until a feeling of relief has overtaken that person. Furthermore, operant conditioning is regulated by the environment while making use of the reinforcement or punishment toward good or bad behavior. Addictions go all out for instant satisfaction from a person’s impulses. While there are various types of addictions, operant conditioning also places emphasis on behaviors that are voluntary. Distinguish between classical and operant conditioning The reaction from VIEW DOCUMENT
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Phobais and Addictions

1139 words - 5 pages those fears back. Operant conditioning is the behavior that a person demonstrates through rewards and punishments. B.F. Skinner developed the operant conditioned theory. He believed that one should focus on the external, observable causes of behavior. There are two types of reinforcement that are either positive or negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is the positive outcomes or rewards that are given to a person for displaying acceptable behaviors. While negative reinforcement is the removal of an unwanted behavior through a negative response such as punishment. Addiction is when a person has become dependent on some type of external stimulus that brings a pleasurable VIEW DOCUMENT
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Behavourist Approach -Psychology

1228 words - 5 pages extinction. In operant conditioning, people learn to perform new behaviours through the consequences of the things they do. If a behaviour they produce is followed by a reinforcement then the likelihood of that behaviour being repeated increases in future (the behaviour is strengthened). A consequence can be reinforcing in two ways: either the person gets something good (positive reinforcement) or they avoid something bad (negative reinforcement). Conversely, if a behaviour is followed by a punishment then the likelihood of that behaviour being repeated in future decreases (the behaviour is weakened). Whereas classical conditioning only allows the person to produce existing responses to new stimuli VIEW DOCUMENT
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Motivational Theories

2543 words - 11 pages . Satisfaction/dissatisfaction, the consequence of the behavior could lead to satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Feedback, if the goal of getting the award is not achieved the motivational process will start again Motivation theories, in its simplest from, are seeking to explain the driving force that converts our thoughts into behaviors. There are numerous theories of motivation, where each is either explaining the same motivational concept with a different view or they are offering a new motivational theory. According to PJ Smit (2007: 340) motivation theories are classified in terms of content, process, and reinforcement theories, were the content deal with the “what” of motivation and process VIEW DOCUMENT
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Childs Play

4115 words - 17 pages reinforcement • Negative reinforcement • Punishment • Parenting styles • Modeling • Ecological theory • Risk and protective factors • Prevention model Theories of development provide a framework for thinking about human growth, development, and learning. If you have ever wondered about what motivates human thought and behavior or how personalities form, understanding these theories can provide useful insight into both the individual and societal influences on early development. The next section will briefly review the major developmental theories that help to explain how development unfolds, sources of vulnerability and protection that influence child development, and how the course of VIEW DOCUMENT
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Educational Psychologists and Learning Theories

1714 words - 7 pages conditions so that the pupil receives no rewards following the undesired act” (Huitt & Hummel, 1997), while the latter will see an alternative to the undesired act be rewarded. At the core of most of the principles used in education lie the fundamental rules of conditioning, and more importantly, the use of reinforcement. Therefore, with regards to a pupil who does not concentrate in class, simple measures such as positive reinforcement may encourage them to take more notice of what is being said. For instance, rewarding the child when they answer a question correctly on a subject being discussed is often all the encouragement the pupil needs to keep paying attention. For many years VIEW DOCUMENT
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Dse141Tma02

1570 words - 7 pages 20th March 1904. Skinner experimented on rats in his behavioural research on reinforcement and learning and developed the law of operative conditioning. Both psychologists conducted influential research on the behaviour of animals concluding their findings could also be applied to humans. Skinner was influenced mainly by Thorndike (1898) who studied the behaviour and nature of learning in animals. Skinner based his research on ‘Instrumental Conditioning’, a form of conditioning where the outcome depended upon the action of the animal. Skinner believed that the best way to understand behaviour is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. He called this approach operant VIEW DOCUMENT
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Employee Retention Paper

1767 words - 8 pages also many work motivation theories that an organization can use to assist in retaining their employees; two examples would be goal-setting theory and reinforcement theory. JD’s Casino has a few job related stressors that could be a cause for concern; however, formulating a plan to reduce those by applying work motivation theories will be useful with employee retention at JD’s Casino. Occupational Stressors Occupational stressors are a major concern for health issues and a number of different problems within the workplace, such as substance abuse, physical illness, and family problems. (“Physiology of Job Stress,” 2009). These stressors are often liked to work related problems like absenteeism VIEW DOCUMENT
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Psychology Flashcards

4122 words - 17 pages follow a response. in contrast, in classical conditioning behavior is controlled by the stimuli that precede a response. | | | 62) REINFORCEMENT | Reinforcement strengthens a response and makes it more likely to occur | 63) POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT | A situation in which a behavior or response is followed by the addition of reinforcing stimulus. the stimulus increases the probability that the response will occur again | 64) NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT | A situation in which a behavior or response is followed by the removal of an aversive stimulus. negative REINFORCEMENT increases the likelihood of a behavior by enabling a person to either escape an an existing aversive stimulus or avoid VIEW DOCUMENT
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Operant Conditioning Essay

3426 words - 14 pages that reinforcement for behaviors that is given a reward is strengthened but behaviors that are not rewarded or reinforced were weakened. B.F. Skinner used three types of reinforcements. The neutral operants were responses obtained when the stimulus response would neither increase or decrease in probability of the action being repeated. The reinforcers was when a response would have an increased probability of repeated behaviors which can include positive or negative behaviors. The punishers was a response obtained with a decrease of probability that the behavior will be repeated. This is a learning mechanism because of the qualities with punishments not having a likelihood of repeat, however VIEW DOCUMENT
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A Reaction Paper on Education Is Not the Hope

541 words - 3 pages knowledge and experience results in greater capacity to deal with the challenges of life, thus gaining greater opportunities in achieving one’s dreams and aspirations. Isagani R. Cruz continues, “The long-term remedy for corruption in the Philippines is individual character development. The Philippines’ anti-corruption institutions are only as good as the individuals who administer them, and integrity is the real problem.” Values formation (or reformation), values educational programs and values reinforcement all lead to nation-building. Pupils/students educated under these programs are expected to place much higher value on honesty. Integrity is the quality of possessing and VIEW DOCUMENT
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Behaviourism

2451 words - 10 pages main branch in this school is radical behaviourism which extends behavioural processes to within an "organism", a process that is observable and experienced. Radical behaviourism is different from other branches of behaviourism because according to this division, everything one does is labelled as "behaviour", and this extends to personal thoughts and emotions. Personal events according to radical behaviourists also play a role in both shaping and modifying behaviour. A third branch is labelled as psychological behaviourism which consists of behavioural principles incorporated with education, child development theories, reinforcement methods, and many other behaviours. The methodological branch VIEW DOCUMENT
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Rules of Mixtures for Elastic Properties

560 words - 3 pages of tensile modulus for composites in which the fibres are neither continuous nor unidirectional. The correction factor is given as: The orientation correction factor is then included in Equation, giving the semi-empirical: The above equation applies strictly to in-plane reinforcement. In woven fabrics, the fibres exhibit ‘waviness’ in the through-thickness direction. Short fiber reinforcement: In case of discontinuous fibers, the load transfer is at the fiber ends unlike the continuous fibers where uniform stress or strain is seen, therefore, shear stress and strain are maximum when relatively flexible matrix is embedded in short fiber and also tensile stress tends to zero at fiber end and increases towards center. Also short fibers are mostly well above their critical length, and elastic properties are dependent on orientation effects. Thermal expansion: The coeffeicients of composites in this are considered as relevant as they various temperature changes VIEW DOCUMENT
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Management

590 words - 3 pages enigma. In other words, Language acquisition is the transformation or process by which children acquire the adult like speech through utterances. Development of Language at early stages Previous research works have tried to explain language acquisition. Skinner (1957) argues that language acquisition and development is through environmental influence. This he terms as behaviorism. Based on his research, children learn language through reinforcement principles associating words with their meanings. Positive reinforcement is enhanced when the child comes to realize the value in his correct utterances in terms of words and phrases. An example is when a child utters a word like ‘milk’ ,the VIEW DOCUMENT
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Psych Final

524 words - 3 pages life around I believe they should not go to prison. If someone turns their life around and learned from their mistake then why shold they still be punished. If they are punished it goes against the complete theory of reinforcement. But, if they go to jal I believe the systems should be changed. Theere is no learning or teaching about why what they did was wrong. They are trapped in a cell and suppose to learn on their own. Which, they are only really taught negative things inside prison. With operant conditioning the inmates do not learn. They should be taught the complete opposite of what they did and be reinforced for it. Most people learn their actions and responses from expierence with other people. If inmates are only sheltered with other inmates than only negative traits will be taught. The prison system should have some sort of positive and negative reinforcement to educate or even train inmates how to behave so they don’t end up back in there. VIEW DOCUMENT
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Behavioral and Social/Cognitive Approaches to Forming Habits

1343 words - 6 pages back to playing with them. So now I come to the realization that I will be playing with my ears until I die. Using the behavioral personality theory I feel that I have this habit do to the reinforcements that I received growing up from my aunt, my cousin and my friend. B.F. Skinner a leading behavioral psychologist believed that the consequences of behavior determine the probability that the behavior will occur again. That thinking leads me to believe that the reason I adopted this habit is that it was positively reinforcement. Growing up whenever I would play with my ears no one would ever say anything negative about it so there was never a stigma placed playing with my ears. When VIEW DOCUMENT
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Super Leadership And Creativity Potential

857 words - 4 pages , concisely, super-leadership is the way of leading others to lead themselves. As argued (Sims & Manz, 1996), for super leadership behavior to be implemented, a leader has to adopt 10 most significant shifts from traditional approach of leadership in order to move towards super leadership approach are as follows:- 1. The leader helps out the team members/group to switch from external observation to self-observation. 2. The focus is on moving from designated goals to goals that are self developed. 3. Organic control is exercised by team/group members’ i.e. external reinforcement for task performance changes in to internal reinforcement with an addition of external reinforcement for self VIEW DOCUMENT
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Learning and Cognition

864 words - 4 pages food (unconditioned stimulus). Pavlov theorized that pairing the food with a conditioned stimulus (a ringing bell) would create conditioned response. Once the condition is learned the dog will salivate when it hears the bell ring. This type of learning can be measured by observing the behavior demonstrated by the dog. Instrumental conditioning differs from classical with the use of reinforcements. The reinforcements increase the ability to learn and retain information through experience. Behavior is considered a key element in instrumental conditioning. The desired behavior must occur before the reinforcement is presented in instrumental conditioning. Once the reinforcement is presented VIEW DOCUMENT