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Tessa Virtue was born on May 17, 1989 in London, Ontario and has studied ballet and other forms of dance since she was three, even moving away from home at age nine to study with the National Ballet of Canada for a summer. She still takes a variety of classes -- including ballet, modern and hip-hop -- to supplement her skating. She began skating because she didn't want to be the only person who couldn't skate when her class took a field trip to a rink. Both Virtue and Moir were coached by Moir's aunt, Carol, when they were singles skaters. She paired them together when Virtue was seven and Scott was nine.
In 2001, Skate Canada held a national championship for pre
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Virtue Ethics—Analysis of the Virtue Expected | Virtue ethics draws its inspiration from the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–322 B. C.). In Th e Nicomachean Ethics he explored the nature of a good life. He thought that the goal of life is happiness. Th is is not happiness in a hedonistic sense. Instead, happiness, for Aristotle, is an activity of the soul. We fulfi ll our goal of being happy by living a virtuous life, a life in accordance with reason. Now, virtue is a character of the soul that is demonstrated only in voluntary actions (i.e., in acts that are freely chosen after deliberation). So, we become virtuous by regularly performing virtues acts. But Aristotle also felt that there
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The next theory we will consider goes by the name of virtue ethics (sometimes it’s referred to as human nature ethics), and it is well represented by the thought of Aristotle (384-322 BC). Robert Solomon is a contemporary thinker who tries to develop a specifically ‘Aristotelian’ approach to business ethics. Both Aristotle and Solomon present rich and somewhat complex systems of moral thought, so we will have to be a bit selective in what we consider given our time constraints.
We can start by going back to Kant and Mill, and noticing a big difference between them and Aristotle. Both Kant and Mill focus on behavior first and foremost, providing a fundamental principle that is to
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The Scrutiny of Virtue
Virtue is a mean condition which falls between the extremes of excess and deficiency which are both subject to vices. Either of those two vices, or the practices of base behaviors, happen to rely on the virtue that one aims for. For instance, courage is a virtue of which cowardice and rashness are the deficiency and excess of respectively. Evidence of this is seen in Book II, Chapter 9 of Nichomachean Ethics where Aristotle mentions “…virtue of character is a mean condition, and in what way, namely because it is a mean between two kinds of vice, the one resulting from excess and the other from deficiency…” It is important to understand that virtue is not acquired
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The main features of Aristotleâ€™s virtue ethics
Virtue comes from the Latin â€˜virtusâ€™ meaning â€˜strengthâ€™ and is also related to the Greek word for â€˜excellenceâ€™. Virtue theory is a branch of moral philosophy that emphasizes character, rather than rules or consequences, as the key element of ethical thinking. This ethical theory was developed by Aristotle.
Aristotle argued that whenever we do something we do it to gain an end and the ultimate of all ends is the chief good, the greatest good. However to achieve that end we must practice and by practicing we improve our skills and so become happy and live good lives. This final good is called eudaimonia or happiness and human
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Loyalty, defined as faithfulness or a devotion to a person, group, country, or cause according to Wikipedia, is viewed by most people as a virtue, including me. Though I concede that loyalty does not bring about positive outcomes all the time, yet I cannot agree with the speaker's claim that loyalty is all too often a destructive rather than a positive force. As far as I'm concerned, due to the blindness to universal morals, loyalty may be followed by damaging actions, but it cannot deny that loyalty itself is a virtue.
Admittedly, blind and excessive loyalty may lead to destruct. According to Stephen Nathanson, professor of Philosophy at Northeast University in the U.S., one of the
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reason in determining what to do to survive, but can an animal reason theoretically? Aristotle says no and that is what separates human beings from animals.
It is through reason, both practical and theoretical, that we develop virtue. According to Aristotle, virtue is the next step towards eudaimonia and it is developed through the exercise of reason. Just like with reason, Aristotle separates virtue into two categories. The first form of virtue is moral virtue. Moral virtue is excellence in reasoning about what to do. Moral virtue is concerned with choices and actions, namely performing just actions and making just choices. Aristotle believes that we acquire moral virtue by habituation
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June 18, 2012
Ethical development is an important tool needed in today’s society. In this paper, the topic will discuss the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. In addition this papers topic will address how each theory addresses ethics and morality in relation to the authors’ personal experiences with virtue, values and moral concepts.
Similarities and Differences in Ethics Theories
To understand the similarities between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics the first order is to define the meaning of each. According to Boylan (2009
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Chapter 11 The Moral Virtues
Once the various faculties of the soul are rectified in regard to the supernatural order through the theological virtues, it is necessary to rectify them in regard to the means for attaining that end. This is the role of the moral virtues. As we have already mentioned, it is impossible to enumerate all the moral virtues, since there can be a virtue wherever there can be a morally good habit regarding a given area of human activity, and human activities are multiple. However, theologians generally group the moral virtues around the basic cardinal virtues of prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude.
The first of the four cardinal virtues and
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Ethics and Social Responsibility
Ethics and Social Responsibility
In today’s society, cultural and ethical development is fundamental. There are numerous theoretical methodologies; although different each shares very similar concepts. Comprehending these similarities and differences provide one with greater understanding and gratefulness of these concepts. This paper will elaborate on the differences and similarities involving virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Also addressing how each theory deals with ethics and morality. In addition, I will reflect on my personal experience through which I will expound on the association between virtue, values, and
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June 23, 2014
Ethics is the science of right and wrong in human action.” (Manias, 2013, Chapter 1, Ethics Applied). With the reading, we can find the similarities and differences between the three major approaches in normative ethics; virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. This will be done by analyzing these ethical theories and by describing them along with presenting the facts on how each theory relates too ethics and morality. Personal experience will be used to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories.
We have all been faced
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November 25, 2013
Your beliefs don’t make you a better person, your behavior does. This is a saying that I have been taught as a child. While reading this essay it will discuss the similarities and differences of virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology, theory as it relates to ethics and morals. Also how a personal experience that explains the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as it relates to one of the theories. Ethics and morality play a major role in day to day situations; they dictate how to respond in an acceptable manner.
Similarities and Differences
Virtue Ethics deals with what is
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People often ask questions like, “what should I do?” or “How should I act?” However, the fundamental questions that define ethics allow individuals to evaluate the moral principles behind the rationalization of their actions. Three forms of ethics come to mind and they are virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Each has differences, which distinguish one from the other, a point this paper will advocate to readers. In addition, this paper explains and addresses each theory in conjunction to ethics and morality, in addition to the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to each theory.
One of the principles reading into
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Week 1 Ethics Essay
October 8, 2012
Week 1 Ethics Essay
Ethics is the basis of many theories and debates. It is the basis of deterring what is right and wrong based on one’s beliefs. Topics about ethics often bring about in-depth discussions about individual characteristics concerning virtues, values, and moral concepts. The Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics are theories that involve those aspects of ethics. These theories have commonalities; however, there are differences in the theories as well.
The Virtue theory often refers to character or ethics. The word “virtue” comes from the Greek word
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Deontological Versus Teleological Ethical Systems
July 8, 2011
Deontological Versus Teleological Ethical Systems
Ethical systems are ordered principles or guidelines to make moral decisions. They are the source of moral beliefs. Ethical systems help define what is right or good. Ethical systems are morals that are shared by a group of people, but not all people always agree to what is right or good. There are seven major ethical systems. These major systems are ethical formalism, utilitarianism, religion, natural law, ethics of virtue, ethics of care, and egoism. Each of these major ethical systems is either classified as deontological, teleological, or
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PHI208: Ethics and Moral Reasoning
Prof Whitney Easton
10 March, 2014
This paper will discuss the topic of military ethics using the utilitarian theory. It will also incorporate the ethical system of virtue ethics. “Military ethics is about our learning what is good and true and then having the courage to do and be what and who we ought to. For military ethics is not about his or her successes or failures; it is not about their virtues or vices. Military ethics is about our heritage and history, and it is about our responsibility to be men and women of character.” (Toner, 2003) Strong military ethics are vital to maintaining disciplined service
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The central question in this philosophy curse is to define what the good life is. So how I will know whether or not I have lived a good life?
Both Plato and Aristotle said that the good life is total virtue. Plato reasons that a person will exhibit total virtue when his desires have been extinguished, while Aristotle believes the perfection will bring forth the virtue in men. Both Plato and Aristotle agree that education is the means to learn virtue. Is this the good life for me that being virtue as Plato and Aristotle stated? I do not think so because as I thought good life is to do what I want to do not only being virtue and desires extinguished. I think Education is a good way to being
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There are three significant approaches in normative ethics such as quality ethics, deontological ethics, and utilitarianism. This paper is going to evaluate the resemblances and variations between quality concept, utilitarianism, and deontological principles. It will include information of the variations in how each concept details ethics and morality and it will also talk about an experience to describe the relationship between quality, principles, and ethical principles as their associate with one of the three principles.
Differences in How These Theories Address Ethics and Morality
Virtue ethics emphasizes on virtues rather than the rules or consequences whereas deontology
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struggle for power.
There is certainly a component of virtue ethics and moral duty interwoven in the play. Virtue ethics emphasizes â€œthe role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing oneâ€™s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences. A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation. These ethics deal with questions such as; how should I live; what is the good life, and what are proper family and social values?â€ (Athanassoulis, 2010) Sophocles portrays Antigone as a child of a cursed family, even her name â€œborn againstâ€. Therefore, Antigone's destiny was to be a rebel
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In Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean, he describes his view on virtue and it in relation to an individual’s everyday life. Aristotle offers the audience a system of virtue that allows them to improve their daily habits, make them more virtuous, and therefore a better person. Through this standpoint, we can intertwine morality with ones personality.
Aristotle’s theories on virtue vary vastly from those of his predecessors. As opposed to the views of someone such as Plato, who believed that goodness came from knowledge, Aristotle argued that goodness, was achieved by building virtuous habits. Aristotle stated “The virtue of man will also be the state of character, which makes a man good
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ability to reason. As living creatures with biological needs, we receive pleasure by satisfying those needs. Eating food is enjoyable, sleeping and napping can be enjoyable, procreation can also be enjoyable, and many other biological needs when met create enjoyment.
He also argues that human beings are distinct from other animals in our ability to reason, I do not agree with this, but if I were living in his era, I probably would have agreed. The chapter goes on to say that because we can reason it is therefore, necessary to exercise our ability to achieve happiness; not just the pleasure of satisfying biological needs. Aristotle coined the term virtue which encompassed two variations
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alone, but rather from societal forces and inner conflict as well.
The pressure Manfred feels to legitimize his rule leads to an unhealthy obsession and persuades him to do so at all cost, abandoning any sort of logic, reason or semblance of religious virtue he may have. Manfredâ€™s behavior is a clear reflection of the debilitating influence the aristocratic system has on its people and its conflict with religion and virtue. â€œManfred was not one of those savage tyrants, who wanton in cruelty unprovokedâ€, however, the importance of having an heir and keeping a line of supremacy pure managed to outweigh that of being virtuous in all aspects of life (a quality valued by the people of this
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Question 1: Williams thinks that the doctrine of negative responsibility, which follows from the principle of utility, undermines personal integrity. Do you agree that being held responsible for the consequences of not acting, of failing to prevent something, will (always or sometimes) erode the idea of personal integrity? Is there any way to be a utilitarian and still respect the integrity of individuals?
Integrity is the honesty and truthfulness or accuracy of one’s actions. Integrity regards internal consistency as a virtue. One may judge that others “have integrity” to the extent that they act according to the values, beliefs and principles they clam to hold. As Williams explains
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Ethics is something that we as people deal with on a daily bases. People view ethics in their own way and have their own way of approaching everyday conflicts, which ethical and moral decisions need to be made. In this paper I will discuss the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will describe the differences on how each theory addresses ethics and morality. I will also add a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as it relates to one of the three theories.
Virtue theory is basically is a form of ethics that uses a person's character as a way to
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In the world today, media has become as necessary as food and clothing. It has played a significant role in strengthening the society. Media is considered as a "mirror" of the modern society, in fact it is the media which shapes our lives. The media has claimed to be governed by righteousness and equity,but greed and self-aggrandizement has poisoned its virtues. Media has responsibilities, and these responsibilities need to be made clear and upheld by society. Unfortunately media today does not abide by moral standards, this sends mixed messages to our society. Most times these messages are daunting, callous and untrue. I will attempt to apply the classical theory of virtue ethics and the
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that characteristics of virtue can truly exist in a corporate entity, and perhaps society should be less sceptical of others intentions.
The question of why businesses truly adopted CSR initiatives has never been initiated, thus sparking interests on whether or not it is an authentic act of corporate citizenship or simply a front to financial rewards.
This paper aims to analyse Origins Natural Resources dedication towards Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) addressing two major issues the organisation perceived as most significant and relevant to its core products and services. The two categories are addressing the importance of animal cruelty via experimentation and
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Aristotle is considered to be one of the greatest philosophical thinkers of all time. His writings compose of searching 'what is the purpose of life' and 'function of man'. His goal was to know what makes a person’s life well and how we get there. Aristotle believes that the nature of morality is grounded in the function of persons, meaning that we must act in order to become happy and fulfilled. What are the functions of persons and how does one acquire virtue? To live a good life is to aim towards living a good life by acquiring habits that make one become good by doing good. Essentially human activity is aimed towards
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justice really is.
The three parts of the self all have different purposes within the self. Socrates defines the “desire” part of the self to be basic wants for material goods of a person. While he states the “reason” is what judges a what is best for that person. Finally, the “spirit” is defined as the emotional capacity of a person (Lecture Outline II). These three parts of the self, Socrates concludes, to have virtues to each part. These virtues are what make a person just. Not only do they comprise a just person, but it is important that these three parts are all within balance.
The virtue associated with “desire” is the virtue of moderation. As human beings we are going to want and
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one’s lifetime; however, Aristotle shows fortune is not determinant for happiness and merely an accessory of human life. Furthermore, “the happy man will have the attribute of permanence, and he will remain happy throughout his life” because the happy man will choose to do activities in conformity with virtue. Aristotle concludes that “the activities determine a man’s life, no supremely happy man can ever become miserable, for he will never do what is hateful and base”. Based on the true meaning of happiness, Aristotle advocates that it is the activities that matter rather than the outcomes.
Further analyzing the statement of “No supremely happy man can ever become miserable” from the
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Business Ethics Reflection
Being human, we face ethical dilemmas every day in some way or another. When you look up the meaning of Morals, values, and principles you will find these terms intertwined with each other. Morals, values, and principles are motivation based on thoughts of what is right and wrong. These are a series of beliefs that lead a person to make decisions based on their personal ethics. As for virtue it is defined as the quality or practice of moral excellence or righteousness. Growing up my mother taught me the difference between right and wrong; and every decision that I make would shape me as a person. She taught me that I should always think long and hard about
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CREON: THE TRAGIC HERO IN ANTIGONE
Who is the tragic hero in Antigone? In order to determine the tragic hero, it is important to first have a workable definition. The traditional definition, according to Aristotle, consists of several qualities. A tragic hero will be of high estate and power, neither morally perfect nor superior through virtue and justice. He also does not fall from prosperity to hardships due to a lack of virtue or justice, but from a tragic flaw. This tragic flaw, or hamartia, inevitably leads to an error in judgment. Unlike Antigone, Creon fits Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero completely. Creon and Antigone both share the quality of prosperity and
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and encourage the virtues after every Jaques gets his Jill? These were the fears that Jaques voiced, with bad timing but better perspicacity in As You Like It. The attempt to flee civilization and seek refuge in the imagination was undertaken because the prevalent state of civil society placed human integrity and virtue in grave jeopardy. Appropriate political measures are necessary to ensure that the human renewals and fresh beginnings celebrated in the comedies can be preserved and fostered when we leave Arden to resume our places in the workaday world. This reading will suggest that Measure for Measure is not a celebration of family values, The play points towards both the political
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Fundamentals of Macroeconomics
The Virtue, Utilitarianism, and Deontological concepts all have something in a common. Each one of these three concepts concentrates on an individual’s actions leading to various options, in addition to how the options affected others. The variations within each of these concepts are who engaged and was impacted by those options. The Virtue concept concentrates on an individual's character. One could stay in their lifestyle by seeking quality in everything they and others do (Boylan, 2009). The Utilitarianism concept considers that an activity, which is created to the
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1: Instructor-Graded Assignment
Nick Milazzo (NAM 744)
1. Some people are pessimistic about the chances of making people virtuous but optimistic about the chances of having good government without virtue. They say that because of checks and balances and all of the other paraphernalia of complex government, civic virtue isn’t really necessary; bad people will keep each other from doing any serious injustice. Do you think this claim is true? Why or why not?
I totally disagree with this claim for a couple of reasons. One, checks and balances are not necessarily fail-proof. For instance, the check on the Legislative Branch is the Presidential veto, but the Legislature can
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that related to Leonitus.
The four virtues used by Plato are prudence, courage, temperance, and
justice. Plato relates the virtues to a community, which is made up of the
rulers, army, and workers. Now the base line is the workers, and they do not
try to blend with the army as the army doesn't blend with the rulers. When all
of these do their own job, the community becomes one.
The first virtue to be discussed is prudence. Prudence, also known as
wisdom, is found in the rulers. "The people who have it are those rulers…"
(428d) In order to have wisdom one must be resourceful, in which he/she has
obtained knowledge. Plato
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The Prince argued that morality and politics cannot co-exist in the same forum. However, when investigating Machiavelli's ideas and philosophies, it can be concluded that perhaps the evil and violence he suggests are fueled by moral end. Therefore, it is absolutely crucial to grasp and understand his key concepts of fortune and virtue. The two antagonistic concepts of fortune and virtue, Machiavelli argues, reflect the way in which a prince should govern while decreasing all risk of being overthrown or losing power while remaining moral.
Machiavelli’s type of governing demands a certain level of violence. However, this is done solely for the purpose of maintaining the
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ODE TO THE GENTLEMENLearn to be yourself.Beauty is in the eye of its beholder,Now that's what I like to hear.I'm loving that men are now bolder,Their own words they no longer fear.So what is beauty anyway?,Is it in personality or in looks?Is it in talent or virtue?Some think it's found in their sugars checkbooks!I feel that beauty is just being you no matter what,Not changing for anyone at any timeNo ifs, ands, or buts.One would say I'm crazyBut I would just call them "phasey".One day society says you must be voluptuous to be sexy,The next day it's thin,Now I'm not trying to be too testy,But what the hell is really "in"?Who cares what others thinkStart thinking for yourself.Let this be the last bit of adviceThat you follow from someone else.Go out, have a good time,Do what YOU want to do,Cut the cheese and pour the wine.Let everything you do evolve around YOUBecause when it comes down to itYou may find your future wife,But for now just go out,Learn to live YOUR life.
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nobility in his poem "The Retired Courtier", "As he serves the King, he must serve the King's favourites, honour the hateful, Give gifts, hold banquets." (Doc 1). Jean de la Taille explains in his poem how important it was for a nobleman to serve the king."There is no true Nobility except that which derives from virtue and morality." As Pierre de La Primaudaye, sword nobleman and historian explain in The French Academy. At this time period, nobility were regarded as symbol of righteousness. (Doc 2)Moliere, non-noble playwright once said, "Virtue is the first title of nobility. The way you act is much more important than the way you sign your name." He states that as a nobleman, he is nothing
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a stakeholder I was setting the presidence for all who follow me Mike was not doing what was good for the whole in relation to morals, the only person getting benefits were him and his family. Keeping silent would mean he has the oportunity to do this to someone else. I could't forsee any benefits to keeping quite.
I really tried to focus on the virtue ethics approach and see it from his point of view how is life motivating him to do this to a fellow employee. Robert Audi (Univeristy Of Noterdame Business Ethics Quarterly Pg 273) states that virtue as character traits states that to have virtue is to have a praise worthy character trait appropiate to pursuing the particular kind of good with respect to which the trait counts as a virtue. Mike had none so I have no regrets about how the situation turned out.
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in general that a quest is looking for""inner peace, virtue, or experience. For human beings, it is very important to have an ideal quest. That is because one's personal quest eventually becomes a force that drives and determines what one will do in the future. One may never actually find what he searches for, but his ideal quest will definitely influence his behavior and decisions. My ideal quest is to some day figure out why and for what purpose I was born and given life.In general, there are three kinds of quests. The quest for inner peace is the pursuit for the peace of mind. For instance, Odysseus' quest was to return home to his wife, Penelope, in the Odyssey. Furthermore, another type
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encompass the totality of one’s life.” (PoH) He believed that a person’s happiness is determined on how the person lived and it depended on how they have lived up to their potential. (PoH) Happiness for Aristotle must involve all other aspects that he looked into. A person’s virtue, reasoning, and rationality must all come into play when someone is looking into if they actually found happiness. As it is said on the website Pursuit- of- happiness.org “Happiness is not pleasure, nor is it virtue. It is the exercise of virtue.” It is one thing to just have virtue but Aristotle believes that you must use it in order to be happy. He is saying that a person must live their life the way that they
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A Comparison of Ethical Theories
Ethics are codes of behavior, adopted by a group; a family, community or nations, setting the boarders for behavior. Some examples of ethics theories include: virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology.
The virtue theory of ethics can be summed up with the statement, that if a person’s character is good, they will make good choices. The choices they make are strictly based on their internal thoughts and belief system, their choices do not rely on the laws of the country they live in or the traditions of their culture. The viewpoint of this theory is that “in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others
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are continuing to make moral decisions every time they rule. As long as this judge functions to their highest ability then happiness should be felt by this individual. I believe that this statement leads to the thought that every person will always make morally ethical decisions which is not the case for everyone on a daily basis. So for someone who doesn’t have the ability to always act in the good does not mean that happiness cannot be achieved, I believe that this individual can still feel happiness, it just won’t be within the guidelines of Aristotle’s distinction of happiness.
Moral Virtue is acquired by a combination of knowledge, habituation and self-discipline. He believes that the
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is exhibited in the victory of deliberation over passions (Kant, 1785, pp. 398). So we can infer that Aristotle and Kant would rank our characters as follows in terms of virtue from most to least:
ARISTOTLE | KANT |
1. The temperate Tweety Bird | 1. The continent Bugs Bunny |
2. The continent Bugs Bunny | 2. The temperate Tweety Bird |
3. The incontinent Daffy Duck | 3. The vicious Yosemite Sam |
4. The vicious Yosemite Sam | 4. The bestial Taz |
5. The bestial Taz | 5. The incontinent Daffy Duck |
As we can see, a Kantian appraisal is more likely to esteem those for whom a good life is not an easy one. Kant is clearly making a case for strength of will in
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Socrates disagrees with the laws of Athens and its people obedience towards these laws. He does not try to overthrow laws but to clarify them. Socrates seems to behave in a way where his only criterion seems to be that of his conscience in doing what he wants. This sounds similar to the comments of Powell questioning civil disobedience. In the Crito, Socrates follows the Laws. Socrates believes that both law and conscience are essential to expert knowledge referring back to the theory of forms in which there is a absolute definition of just.
12. What relationship did Socrates see between knowledge and virtue?
To know the good is to do the good. By knowing and understanding the
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The vital breath of prudent Education
Instills a virtue of enchanting power;
She lifts the motherland to highest station
And endless dazzling glories on her shower.
And as the zephyr's gentle exhalation
Revives the matrix of the fragrant flower,
So education multiplies her gifts of grace;
With prudent hand imparts them to the human race.
For her a mortal-man will gladly part
With all he has; will give his calm repose;
For her are born all science and all art,
That brows of men with laurel fair enclose.
As from the towering mountain's lofty heart
The purest current of the streamlet flows,
So education without stint or measure gives
Security and peace to lands in which she lives.
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, and the Literary University of the Philippines were established.Malolos Constitution established a system of free and compulsory elementary education.
* 5. American rule Schurman Commission- adequate secularized and free public school systemTaft Commission per instructions of President McKinley - Free primary instruction that trained the people for the duties of citizenship and avocation.English- medium of instruction.
* 6. Philippine Commission by virtue of Act No. 741901 - A highly centralized public school system was installed. The implementation of this Act created a heavy shortage of teachers so the Philippine Commission authorized the Secretary of Public Instruction to
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that he should not exaggerate the details of his working history as it would be unethical.
When applying virtue ethics to Tom’s dilemma I focused on Carol Gilligan's Ethics of Care and found that it was ethical in this occasion of moral reasoning for Tom to exaggerate his resume details to an extent.
Tom is displaying the virtue of care/wisdom as he is attempting to gain employment to aid his family in unfavourable circumstances. If Tom were to be 100% honest in his resume he would be displaying the vice of deficiency (inflexible rule following) and unlikely to gain employment, whereas if he followed the vice of excess (appeasement) he would be likely to falsify his resume
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Ethical decision making is an essential aspect in understanding and demonstrating the values of an organization. The intense pressures of business may not always allow time for reflection, and the high stakes may tempt us to compromise our ideals. Many of us already have well-developed ethical outlooks but by considering various approaches to ethical decision making, we are better equipped to make the right choices when the need arises. Joseph Weiss (2009) identifies fundamental ethical principles that guide decision making: utilitarianism, universalism, rights, justice, and ethical virtue. John Rawls contributes his Theory of Justice as Fairness as another approach for consideration in
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There are a lot of things we have learned in this course from ethical theories to moral reasoning and I think what we have learned in these last five weeks will help and should help us in a decision making process in the future.
Virtue Ethics says that a person should make a decision on behalf of them rather than their culture or laws, as long as they are a good person, it is a good decision. It is person based rather than cultural. Virtue, practical wisdom and eudemonia, are the three main concepts that virtue ethics’ enforces. Aristotle and Plato are virtue ethics principle ethicists.
Utilitarianism’s principal concepts are: egalitarianism, hedonism, consequentialism. This ethical