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In 495 B.C. there was a child born about a mile outside of Athens. This child was to be named Sophocles. He was a boy whose father was a wealthy merchant. He now had the opportunity to enjoy all of life's greatest expectations in the Greek empire. Being that he was from a wealthy family, he had the chance to study all of the arts. By the time Sophocles reached his late teens, he was already known for his charm and elegance and was honored by being chosen to lead a challenging group of young men at a celebration of the victory of Salamis. When Sophocles reached the late twenties, he was ready to compete in the City Dionysia, which is a celebration held every year at the theater of Dionysus
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Heroes come in many forms. Some immense in size and strength as Hercules, some in the form of people that are shunned, such as Harriet Tubman, and some that are only valorous heroes to some, such as Kurt Cobain. These heroes have many characteristics that make people flock to their side and follow them without a moment of hesitation. In Sophocles' Antigone the hero is a women who believes in her heart far stronger than that of her leader's rule. Sophecles shows many of Antigone’s characteristics that are also seen in many heroes. She is up against an impossible enemy, she does not fit well into society's mold, and is destroyed by her own pride
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Sophocles (495-405 B.C.) was one the great playwrights of Greek Drama as well as a name associated with Athens at the height of its glory. Sophocles plays are symbols of Athenian greatness.Sources for the earlier life of Sophocles are hard to find to come by and sometimes unreliable. There is a surviving biography on Sophocles, but it is a mixture more of the inferences of his poetry than of genuine information on Sophocles himself. Even his date of birth had been disputed about, going from the years of 496 B.C. to 494 B.C., but most people have agreed on 495 B.C. His birthplace, what most has agreed on, was a place called Colonus, just outside of Athens. It is known that his family was
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Creon's Tragic Insecurity in Antigone
In ancient Greek tragedies at least one character has the misfortune of having a tragic flaw. The flaw usually effects the protagonist and leads to his down fall. Normally, the characters close to the protagonist are all affected by his flaw. In Antigone, by Sophocles, Creon's tragic flaw is that he is insecure. Creon's insecurity leads to the death of many people and to his own downfall. At many times, Creon feels that people are directing everything toward him, when of course they are not. Consequently, he takes action to make sure people take him seriously. He hopes his actions will teach people not to walk all over him
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Oedipus- His CharacterAristotle says in his poetics that Sophocles drew men "as they ought to be". But Oedipus, with heinous acts as he did, is this what he meant by what a man ought to be? Of course not, this isn't the way Aristotle meant us to interpret the statement in this way, and this will be discussed in the following paragraphs.In the opening scene, Sophocles presents Oedipus as a wise and benevolent ruler. The following lines by the priest: "It was you, we remember, as a newcomer to Cadmus' ancient town, that broke our bondage to the vile Enchantress." Lines 35-6, "But as we truly believe, with the help of the gods, you gave us back our life." Lines 37-8 "Your diligence saved us
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Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman and Sophocles' Oedipus the King
An overwhelming desire for personal contentment and unprecedented reputation can often result in a sickly twisted distortion of reality. In Sophocles' Oedipus the King, a man well-known for his intellect and wisdom finds himself blind to the truth of his
life and his parentage. Arthur Miller's play, The Death of a Salesman, tells of a tragic character so wrapped up in his delusional world that reality and illusion fuse causing an internal explosion that leads to his undoing. Each play enacts the strugg
of a man attempting to come to grips with his harsh reality and leaving behind his comfortable fantasy world
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Antigone Tragic Hero EssayMost Greek tragedies were based on myths and consisted of a series of dramatic episodes mixed with a chorus who commented on the dramatic action or analyzed the pattern of events. The role of a tragic hero was vital to the tragic plays. Sophocles argues that a tragic hero is a character who possesses six specific traits. A tragic hero must be of noble stature, can not be perfect, their downfall most be their fault, their misfortune is not wholly deserved, the fall is not a total loss, and has a moral purpose. Therefore, Creon is the tragic hero in Antigone because he is of noble stature, posses character flaws, and his fall is not an entire loss.Creon is the
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In the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, Oedipus is a classic tragic hero. Oedipus is a tragic hero for the reason that he is a king whose life falls apart when he finds out his life story. The question asked in relation to Oedipus is whether he was a victim of fate or of his own actions, it perhaps is seen that it was his destiny to undergo the torment and affliction. Oedipus was conscious of the fact that he alone was accountable for his actions and decisions. His unpredictable and explosive temper was one reason that contributed to his ruin and devastation. As a hero Oedipus was just trying to affirm his rights and was trying to guard and preserve his honor, when he swerve
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"Coldblooded would I be, to be unmoved by petitioners so pitiful" (p.5). In the opening stanza of "Oedipus the King," the great Grecian, Sophocles, introduces Oedipus as a savior and hero. This classical author's most obvious point in the first play was that you cannot escape your fate, or in simpler terms, your destiny. Does right make right? That would depend on which angle you look at it. There are two sides to the question, the will of mortal man over all and the authority of the gods. Oedipus obviously believed he was doing the right thing by his escape of Corinth, but was it right to try and escape his fate and defy godly rule and intervention in human life? Sophocles deals with the
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Tragedy of AntigoneThe play "Antigone" by Sophocles displays many qualities that make it a great tragedy. A tragedy is defined as a dramatic or literary work in which the principal character engages in a morally significant struggle ending in ruin or profound disappointment. In creating his tragedy "Antigone", Sophocles uses many techniques to create the feelings of fear and pity in his readers. This in turn creates an excellent tragedy.In order for a play to be considered a tragedy it must achieve the purgation of fear and pity. In the play "Antigone", Sophocles does a great job of bringing out these two emotions in a reader. At the beginning of the play there is a conversation between
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IOP: Government in Antigone
Thesis: Antigone, through the ages, is a simple stage for displaying the power of the government in the form of a play. This is accomplished by Characterization, the writing style versus the time period of the playwrights, and through the catharsis of death. These factors of simple entertainment process themselves as being a true symbol of a government’s power, or lack thereof.
Sophocles v. Anouilh
Sophocles’ version is typically accepted as for play purposes ONLY, surrendering all political propaganda, and forcing no ties to government.
Anouilh’s version is interpreted as a political piece, as it was simply a reproduction of Sophocles play, written in 1943
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Despite the differing plots and ideas of different works of literature, speech is consistently used to support the theme and main message of each piece of work. The theme of a play is presented to the audience or the readers through the characters’ portrayal of symbols, through events and conflicts, and through using direct statements in the speech. Dialogues and monologues in both plays, Antigone, written by Sophocles and A Doll’s House, written by Henrik Ibsen, effectively advance the principle themes of each play. Speech develops the themes of the plays as it presents events, reveals personalities of characters and the themes are explicitly stated through the dialogue/speech in both the
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are based, developed in Greece and
dealt with religious and social issues. According to AristotleÕs The Poetics, a
Greek Tragedy must deal with a serious purpose, arousing a sense of pity or
fear in the audience. The emphasis must be on plot over character
development and the playwright must utilize suspense and unity of time, place
and action. Aristotle writes that a tragic hero is a character who is renowned
and prosperous, not necessarily perfect, but not an evil person either. The
tragic hero must meet with a reversal of fortune brought about by either folly
or fate. Based on these criteria, Oedipus the King by Sophocles is considered
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The Strong Character and Unavoidable Destiny of Oedipus Rex
Oedipus the King, by Sophocles is about Oedipus, a man doomed by his fate. Like most tragedies, Oedipus the King contains a tragic hero, a heroic figure unable to escape his own doom. This tragic hero usually has a hamartia, a tragic flaw, which causes his downfall. The tragic flaw that Sophocles gives Oedipus is hubris (exaggerated pride or self-confidence), which is what caused Oedipus to walk right into the fate he sought to escape. Oedipus' pride pushes him toward his tragic end in the initial journey, when he kills his father, in the episode of the sphinx, and in his adamant search for truth.
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World Literature I: From the Ancient World to the Middle Ages
Week 2 Assignment 2
The play Antigone, written by Sophocles, is one of tragedy. It centers on the heroine Antigone and what happens when she tries to bury her brother, Polyneices, even though the King Creon, has clearly decreed that because of this treason no one should attempt to bury his body. Further, anyone who defies his orders will be put to death. An element of the play is family loyalty, but there is clearly another element, that of the feminine revolution. Imprisoned in a patriarchal society, Antigone does not acquiesce as her sister Ismene does, but it becomes a play of man versus woman and the
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power, and they also are not superior through virtue. However, Antigone does not have a tragic flaw, and she falls into misfortune from a just action. Creon falls because of a tragic flaw, pride. Creon, rather than Antigone, fits the Aristotelian definition of a tragic hero in Sophocles’ Antigone.
Creon is surely of high estate, as he is the King of Thebes. Antigone is also of high estate, as she is a princess and has significant power in her own right. In this regard, it is possible to argue for either Antigone or Creon, but Creon is definitely the most renowned and prosperous character in the tragedy as he has power over everyone in Thebes, including Antigone.
In regards to
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Blindness and Insight
In Othello the Moor of Venice by William Shakespeare, Othello is blind to what is going on around him; similarly in Oedipus the King by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex is ignorant to the fate he was tragically born into. Both Oedipus Rex and Othello commit suicide at the end of the play because they gain knowledge of what they have been blind to throughout the entire drama and cannot live with what they have done. Othello cannot live with the knowledge that he murdered his wife whom had done no harm upon him; he was tricked by Iago. Furthermore, Oedipus cannot live with himself after the truth came out that he had murdered his own father and married his mother. Both of
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downfall of a hero, or protagonist, often due to hubris (arrogance). Aristotle explained that tragedyâ€™s artistic goal is to arouse the audienceâ€™s emotions of pity and fear in a way that purges these feelings and provides relief. This purging is called katharsis. Greek tragedy also strived to examine the nature of divine justice as well as the role of humankind in the universe. Comedy, on the other hand, was funny and riotous, often mocking specific individuals and institutions. Its characters were less noble and complicated than those in tragedies or even real life, and were very farcical and exaggerated.
The three greatest tragedieans of ancient Greece were Aeschylus, Sophocles, and
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September 29th, 2011
Overconfidence Killed the King
Many of the characters throughout Sophocles’ Oedipus the King face their ups and downs. Some characters lose the trust of the audience only to gain it afterwards. However many of the characters coincide in one thing, most of the mistakes that are committed throughout the story are caused by overconfidence from the characters. This seems to correlate with real life. Humans in their daily life make many mistakes that are attributed to ego and overconfidence.
Throughout the play, overconfidence is a factor that causes the downfall of many of the characters. When Creon arrives with news from
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Sophocles has been known for using his plays not merely to entertain his audience, but to deliver a message too. Out of all of the important lessons in his plays, Wisdom stands out as the most impact full. After all, "No law or ordinance is mightier than understanding"(Plato 1/2). In the play Oedipus the King, Sophocles uses the blindness of Teriesias, Jocasta, and Oedipus to point out how understanding is far greater than vision alone.
In the play Oedipus the King, Sophocles use the blindness of Teiresias to point out the great power behind wisdom and understand. "Teiresias, by your art you read signs and secrets of the earth and the sky; therefore you know, although you cannot
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Man With A RoleIn ancient times, the Greeks pondered of what man's role in the universe was. The ancient Greek civilization knew that they were not equal to the Gods, but knew they were greater than animals in moral status. The ancient Greek people decided to position themselves in between Gods and animals, which they believed in confidently and would rarely question. Another Greek perception of the role of man in the universe is that man must suffer to gain knowledge. A Greek poet known as Sophocles wrote the story "Oedipus the King" based on a tragic Greek hero who would mock the Greek's perception of man's role in the universe, and Sophocles has given this ridiculer of the Greek's
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battle fought on the water. Xerxes’ nemesis was ultimately his defeat at Salamis and disapproval from Atossa and the ghost of Darius upon his return to Susa.
The Greeks believed that they had the God’s favour during the war, which they believe, inevitably helped them win. Aeschylus is very critical of Xerxes in the play “Xerxes, ill-fated, led the war”
The Greeks were strong believers in prophets and gods as were all cultures back in ancient times. Oedipus the King is a story of fate, prophecy and truth, all of which can be directly linked back to the Gods.
In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles, Thebes is cursed and so King Oedipus sends Creon to the oracle of Apollo at Delphi to
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aWhat role does the chorus play in the play? In ancient Greek plays, the role of the chorus was to sing lyrical passages. The lyrical passages were set up by the writer and the chorus would then perform dance movements to compliment those lyrics. In today¡¦s day and age, it is the cast members in many musicals who depict the role as the chorus. However, in some cases, the chorus also helps assist the modern reader in interpreting ancient terminology used during that period. I believe that the chorus held a very important role in the play Antigone, by Sophocles. The loyal and religious citizens of Thebes, who are very devoted to their state, represent the chorus. These citizens
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Electra is known as one of the most famous Greek tragedy written by Sophocles. Based on the background of the city of Argos after the Trojan War, the play is all about the vengeance of Electra and Orestes, who are Agamemnon and Clytemnestra’s children. The tragedy starts when the King Agamemnon is killed by his wife Clytemnestra and his first cousin Aegisthus. As the hatred for her cruel mother has rising, Electra determines to take revenge for her dead father with help from Orestes. The play finally ends up in blood and deaths. Even though the vengeance is successfully completed, with the principle mentioned in the play which is “Blood in return for blood,” the cycle of tragic and cruel
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Crime vs. Punishment
"Who is more arrogant within his soul, who is more impious, than one who dares to sorrow at God's judgment?"(XX, 28-30). Here Dante challenges anyone who may question the judgment of God and the punishment of sinners. In Dante’s Inferno, questioning God’s judgment is looked at as renouncing God. However, I deem it totally natural to question: Does the crime fit the punishment? In Oedipus the King and Antigone, Sophocles illustrates how the pursuit of truth while taking a stand for a cause is a crime that yields critical and excessive punishment by the gods.
"Led by my guide and his truth, I leave the gall and go for the sweet apples of delight, but first I
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Aristotle is one of the greatest historical figures of all time. During his life, he was an accomplished poet, mathematician, and leading government figure. He wrote The Poetics mainly in response to Plato's thoughts. He modeled The Poetics on what he thought the greatest tragedy of all, Sophocles Oedipus Rex. He believed that each tragedy must achieve a catharsis with the audience. To achieve this catharsis the figure must be larger than life. Many filmmakers today use this philosophy especially in dramas. For the audience to connect with the hero/heroine, the hero must bear more burdens mentally and physically than the average person. According to Aristotle, pity and fear are the most
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The play Antigone by Greek writer Sophocles is based on tragedy. Some, however, cannot seem to make up their minds about who they think was the more tragic character: Antigone or Creon. I believe that Antigone and Creon were both tragic characters, but Creon was slightly more tragic because of his stubbornness, pride, and position of power.Antigone and Creon were both stubborn. Antigone was stubborn in her beliefs, and Creon was stubborn in refusing to see the error in his ways, and refusing to back down. In Scene 5, Creon stated to Teresias, ".....Speak: Whatever you say, you will not change my will" (l.74).Creon and Antigone also had pride, but in very different ways. Antigone had pride
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The roles of women and men have always differed to some extent through out history. In Greeks society women were not allowed to interfere in political or any matter other than their household work. Pride and gender differences play an important role in the Greek culture. Women in Greek Society don't have any rights. The Greeks admired the women who do household work and who stay quiet. Greeks do not like to hear a woman's view or want any woman to speak up in front of them. We acquire many messages from both of the tragedy and we understand the Greeks point of view. In both Greek tragedies Sophocles' Antigone and Euripides' Medea we see that men perceptibly had the upper hand and women were
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the mesmerising showpieces. These shows will give you an amazing feeling thought out this fantastic weekend. The short showpieces shown 4 hours at every will include powerful upbeat dances such as the Barong with emotion finding dramas such as Greek tragedies & comedies. As we dive into the play we get a real insight into how the plays have evolved over the thousand of years and shaped the way we see drama now, weather it in theatre of on the big screen. After enjoy the chance that will great you after show you can interact with the actors and learn more about how the 3 historical Greek writers- Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, Drama itself was revolution was started by Aeschylus
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Oedipus Rex starts out with Oedipus as the quick witted and mighty leader of Thebes. He is not, however, the perfect and almighty ruler that the people suspect him to be in the play. This comes to life as Oedipus converses with Teiresias, Kreon, and Jokaste. Sophocles uses Teiresias and Kreon to illuminate the arrogance and short-temperedness that make Oedipus a tragic hero and uses Jokaste to illustrate Oedipusâ€™ blind ignorance.
Teiresias, while being the main catalyst for the play, also plays a vital role as a foil character for Oedipus. Teiresiasâ€™ cool calm demeanor as compared to Oedipusâ€™ in their dialogue allows the reader for the first time to see the true
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Growing up, I loved playing cards. It some how made sense to me, the randomness of it all. Some say that poker is a game of luck. Some argue that it’s all about strategy. I liked the combination of the two. You’re dealt a randomized hand over which you have no control, and you play. You’re given the option to fold, bluff, and even cheat. You never know what the flop, turn, or river will be, but we all take turns at being the dealer. This tension between individual action and fate is a central theme in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King . While free choices, such as Oedipus’s decision to pursue knowledge of his identity, are significant, Oedipus’ so called “fate” is responsible his incest and the
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Oedipus Rex and A Raisin in the Sun Comparitive Essay
Axia College of University of Phoenix
Oedipus Rex by Sophocles and A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry reveal pride and integrity from two different time periods and social and culture standards. They both contain some similarities, such as the pride of a man and man’s willingness and ability to change current circumstances in life. There are differences as well, such as how one handles the circumstances in their life.
In Oedipus Rex, Oedipus shows excessive pride and self-righteousness. Oedipus thinks very highly of himself and thinks he is above everyone else. Oedipus feels very important and
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Free Oedipus the King Essays: The Archetypal Tragic Man
According to Greek mythology, the Sphinx, a creature that is part woman, part bird, and part lion, caused famine and disease in Thebes that could be ended only when someone solved her riddle. Oedipus traveled to Thebes and answered the riddle correctly. The citizens of Thebes consider him a hero because he restored harmony to their kingdom. Sophocles alludes to the riddle of the Sphinx several times in his play, Oedipus Rex. Since the riddle is a metaphor for Oedipus' life, it is ironic that he was able to answer the question. His revelation of the riddle of the Sphinx further supports the perspective of Oedipus as the
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Love it supposedly conquers all, or so they say. Love is a major issue in Sophocles Greek Tragedy, Antigone. Antigone's family is full of incest and betrayal. People say that Antigone, and her sister Ismene have been cursed because of their family's bad decisions and horrible luck. Love in Antigone's case did conquer all, but do the tragedy of deaths. Antigone's love for her deceased brother eventually caused her own death. Antigone's death went on to cause Haimon's death, which ultimately caused the death of Haimon's mother, Eurydice in due time.Antigone's two brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, have both died in a battle with each other. "Polyneices led an attack on the city, which was
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The Tragic Hero or Heroine
Creon from The Theban Trilogy by Sophocles is an example of a tragic hero because he is neither competely virtuous nor utterly villainous. Near the ending of Oedipus the King, Creon displays good intentions when he states he will care for Antigone and Ismene when Oedipus is persecuted. Creon can be considered a righteous man when he issues the edict concerning the burial of Polyneicies in Antigone. He believes that Polyneices had betrayed Thebes by raising arms against the city, and that traitors should not be honored; they should not be given a proper burial. Creon is villainous in some ways because he is a controlling king and demands for the citizens of
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The tragic story of Oedipus Rex is a very important piece of work that has continually puzzled, inspired and entertained audiences throughout the ages by touching then on many levels. The tragedy that Sophocles created remains alive today, because it is filled with human mistakes and immortal questions. It is the story of what appears to be a lucky prince who runs away from home to avoid the fulfillment of a terrible prophesy. Through amazing circumstances and with the use of his wits and at times arrogance, he becomes king of a foreign land and marries a beautiful queen. However, despite having everything, Oedipus cannot abandon his quest to find the truths about himself
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what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity', the hero tries to attain the impossible and is doomed to failure. Miller's definition of tragedy can be applied to both Willy Loman in his play Death of a Salesman and Oedipus in Sophocles' play “Oedipus the King”. Both are men who fail in their struggle to protect what they believe are their “rightful” positions in society.
Willy Loman is an ordinary man who is a tragic hero, as defined by Miller's essay. Willy Loman is a married salesman, who lives for his sons and has unattainable dreams. The ambitions he has for himself and his son, Biff, are impossible due to their skill set and goals conflicting. Both work well with their hands
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In the play Oedipus Rex, the author Sophocles, attempts to create feelings of sympathy towards the main character, Oedipus. This is achieved by using dramatic irony, the prophecy that guided Oedipus towards the truth regarding his childhood, and key scenes in the play, which help to build the audiences understanding and opinions concerning his situation.
Through the prophecy alone, Oedipus was doomed even before his life had even begun. As an innocent child, his parents, King Laios and Queen Iokaste, had tried to rid themselves of the curse, which was cast upon them by Apollo, the god of the sun. For many years the King and Queen, lived normal lives thinking that they had overcome
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After the Classical era, that is after the Greek writers Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, it is Shakespeare who is widely known for his plays. There is a blend of the tragic and comic in almost all the Shakespearean plays which is appealing. The exile of the senior Duke and the plan to kill Orlando in `As You Like It', the fall of Shylock in `The Merchant of Venice' as the tragic elements; the fool in `Othello' and `King Lear', the soothsayer in `Antony and Cleopatra' are perfect examples for comic in tragedies.
In Shakespearean tragedies there are incidents which are found more freely i.e. murders and sudden deaths, for example, the murder of Duncan in `Macbeth' or the
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is no longer on top and in power of all.
Creon is the tragic hero in the story because his flaws lead to his own downfall. Creon's pride overtakes him. He thinks he is superior to gods which he learns to understand he isn't. His own pride killed his family. No one can ever be all knowing. There comes a time when someone is right and you aren't.
Sophocles. "Antigone." Prentice-Hall Literature. Ed. Bowler, Ellen. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996
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In the play Antigone, Sophocles demonstrates that rigidity of one's own convictions can create terrible outcomes. Creon and Antigone represent a conflict between religion and state. Both characters have flaws that prevent peace between these two social aspects to form. While Creon believes that no one must disobey the human law, Antigone believes that there is an eternal law that is greater than that of a man. Although both hold different beliefs on which law should be followed, they are both caught in their arrogance and convictions that only they themselves are right, with no willingness to compromise or enter the middle-ground. As Creon's son, Haemon, says, "a wise man is flexible, and
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What’s the Matter with Tragedy?
Ever since the eruption of tragedies in early Greek writings with Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, the concept of tragedy was established; all the way up to the Elizabethan times with Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, the basics have stayed the same. Some may argue that characteristics have either been replaced or taken away, but the truth is the basic aspects have never changed. All the classic tragedies have been read and researched for the purpose of finding the meaning and the lessons they teach to the audience, by arousing pity and fear. Although the two tragedies were written in two completely different times, their themes and tragic heroes are similar
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Name Of subjectStudent NameInstructorDateAristotle's Tragic HeroAristotle was one of the great philosophers in the Ancient Greece. The later play writers in the western civilization seeks guidelines from his Analysis of the ideal form of a tragic plays. Aristotle used many examples from the works done by famous Greek playwrights that includes writers like Sophocles, in order to illustrate his main ideas though, Drama was not invented by Aristotle. The Aristotle believed that tragedy was the highest form of drama. This belief was based on The Greeks belief about Dramas.In the Book, The Norton Anthology of World Literature Volume A 3rd edition Aristotle has stated his definition of tragedy as
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Death of a Salesman
As Aristotle proposes in Poetics, Sophocles' Oedipus the King is “...an example of the highest achievement in tragedy.” Similarly, Death of a Salesman shares characteristics of classical tragedy in a contemporary setting. Just as hamartia and hubris bring devastation and ruin upon King Oedipus and his family, Death of a Salesman has a hero whose life, through a series of flawed decisions, spirals out of control and ends in misfortune. It is arguable that Willy Loman is not truly a heroic character, however, in his own mind he is a man who has tremendous popularity and success. While Willy has an unrealistic and quixotic nature, he is well intentioned and very human
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family member had died, i couldnt handle the truth.
In conclusion, the 4 parts, the cave, the shadows, the escape and return, and the game , are what i believe is to be the key elements to Platos “Allegory of the Cave”. The story can be percieved in many different ways and can bedifficult to comprehend. But for any one reading this tale gives great insight to what we as human beings see in front of us. Sophocles , from “The Sons of Aleus” quoted - “What people believe prevails over the truth”
[->0] - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plato
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Aristophanes, Sophocles and
How did the Greeks maintain familial ties in a culture with more sexual
freedom and seemingly non-existent sexual stigma than today?
Grecian Patriarchal Society:
Although the Grecian people valued family life, Greek society was stalwartly
patriarchal in its social-political structure. The men of Greece coveted the aesthetic
of the male form and enjoyed nude wrestling in the arena. Grecian men often shared
what we today would call “Homoerotic” or “Homosexual” experiences, Indecorous
witticisms illustrated in the compositions of Aristophanes and many other
playwrights. Sexual fluidity among men
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time teaching at his old school he returned to Oxford for one term to take a pass degree and the next year he got a job as a clerk in the Patent Office in London. (Bryfanski, Carnek, Nebdelson 354) After ten years as a civil servant he became a professor of Latin at University College, London from1892 to 1911. (Bryfanski, Carnek, Nebdelson 354) After that he became professor of Latin from 1911 to 1936. Not only a poet and storyteller, Housman was a noted classical scholar. (Bryfanski, Carnek, Nebdelson 354) He is known for his extensive translations of the Greek classics, especially Greek plays by Euripides and Sophocles. (Bryfanski, Carnek, Nebdelson 354) A few works of his translations
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Antigone and Creon are the main characters of the play Antigone written by Sophocles. Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus, who was a major figure of ancient Greek myth. Oedipus accidentally killed his father and married his mother. Because of that act, Oedipus ended up cursing his family and died a horrible death. After his death, his sons inherited his kingdom and in a power struggle ended up killing each other. One of the sons, Polynices attacked the city to try and claim power from his brother. But since both of the brothers died and the city was not taken Polynices was labeled as a traitor whereas the other brother who died defending the city was celebrated as a hero. Creon
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intertextual because they both play off of each other. Even if you were to see the second one first and the first one second the intertextuality of them would still be obvious. Even though the intertextuality is obvious in both, the second one is more likely to appeal to us. The majority of the audience is going to know what it is like to be just in reach of a fortune of any kind and to watch it slip right through their fingers. Comparing texts and commercial is often done. They both follow the same dramatic structure. One of the first examples of dramatic structure is dramatic irony. The author Sophocles, attempts to create feelings of sympathy towards the main character, Oedipus. This is
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first recorded examples of theatre come to us from Ancient Greece. Ancient Grecians had four festivals honoring gods, which were scheduled around the seasons. City Dionysia, a festival honoring the god, Dionysus, was the only festival to have performances. These performances were part of a contest, with the best playwrights/plays winning a prize. The most well-known playwrights of this time are Thespis, Sophocles, Euripedes, Aeschylus, and Aristophanes (Robinson, 2002). Thespis is credited with creating the first play, performed in Athens around 534 B.C., due to his introduction of the first actor, or protagonist, the main character of a play and the first time an actor interacted with the