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SPECIAL EDUCATION - PHILOSOPHY
My Special Education Philosophy
S. Bruce Butrym
Grand Canyon University: SPE 529N
January 26TH, 2012
My Special Education Philosophy
Philosophy…Webster defines that thought as, “a discipline comprising as a core logic, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology.”
With all due respect to Mr. Webster, combining the aforementioned subjects within a philosophical statement for one’s purpose in life may be the correct approach for ivy leagued institutions, but for an individual striving to reach high school
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In today’s world there are more and more children coming into the general education classes having a disability. More general education teachers have to take on a bigger responsibility than what they signed up for, but that is part of being a teacher. I feel as long as the general education teacher and special education teacher collaborate with each other they will be putting the student’s needs first. The following public laws have helped out many students with disabilities learn in an inclusion class.
The first Public Law 93-112, Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 504(1973) which states that “ Individuals with disabilities cannot be excluded from participation in , denied
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teaching skills of teachers and peers made to observe, to open minds to accept the opinions of others. She also monitors the course instructor to improve teaching, curriculum leadership roles shoulder. However, in case of shortage, the less able he would rather choose the quality of teachers is not increased teachers' workload. It can see that the principal have a good attitude to manage the teacher who can feel the respect of principal.
Moreover, I would like to share crisis management of my practicum kindergarten. The kindergarten has clear crisis management policy is formulated according to the bureau of education school crisis management. The kindergarten has a group of crisis
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Reading Vocabulary falls within low range this could greatly impact her Reading Comprehension and Passage Comprehension, which with her RPI of 22/90 will make it impossible to participate in and comprehend general education reading assignments.
According to WJ-III assessment results, Moore’s Broad Math Skills fall within the average range (SS=95). Moore appears to have strength in her math calculation skills relative to Math Reasoning. Her overall Math Calculation Skills fall within the average range (SS=97) whereas her overall Math Reasoning Skills area, Moore’s shows neither a strength nor weakness in Calculation (SS=98) and Math Fluency (SS=93). In Math Reasoning, Moore shows
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[pic] |Rona Moreland | |
|[pic] |Students will learn what civics is. They will determine the ideals that form the basis|
| |of the U.S. government. The roles and responsibilities of citizens will be identified.|
|[pic] |9-12 |
|[pic] |The lesson will be conducted and evaluated during two and half class session. |
|[pic] |Social Studies |
|[pic] |How does Civics impact
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Definition of Trend/Issue
Inclusion is the combining both general education classrooms and special education classrooms into one. Full inclusion combines everyone regardless of the severity of his/her disability; whereas partial inclusion leaves those with severe and profound disabilities and/or intellectual disabilities in self-contained special education classrooms. In an inclusive classroom setting, special services are brought into the classroom instead of students being pulled out of the classroom for those special services (Henson, 2006, p.366). An inclusion classroom is designed to allow students with special needs the opportunity to access the full curriculum and view children
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There are multiple options to educate students with disabilities. The least restrictive option is education in a general education classroom, in which the student is given a special program by the general ed. Teacher. Another option is general education with consultation, in which a general education teacher executes a special program for the student with the advisement of a special education professional. The next option is general education with supplementary instruction and services, the student receives instruction in a general ed. Classroom with a special education instructor present in addition to the general ed. Teacher. A resource room can also be used, the student is present in
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this report government keeps a closer eye on our children and their education. The government never wants to see a similar report pass by their desks, reporting students dramatically failing in their academics.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Students with special needs were not given support in our public school and often label as unteachable. In prior years’ students who showed certain traits of disabilities would be sent away from their homes and placed in institutions. Children with disabilities were often raised away from their families because they were thought of as burdens to not only their families but the communities they lived in.
In November 1975, President
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Response to Intervention (RTI): The Saving Grace of Special Education
December 1, 2015
For years, special education has been bombarded with increased referrals of students for services, consistent behavior issues with identified students, and the lack of academic progress made by students with disabilities. The implementation of a multi-tiered intervention strategy, such as Response to Intervention (RTI), improves the quality of the referral process, decreases instances of behavior issues, and improves academic outcomes for students receiving special education services. In an effort to organize and implement delivery of social, behavioral, and academic
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asklfhlkh lksh lsahd lsh lshl lsh l During my life, I have heard people referring to passion as a hobby. To me, passion is something that is truly special in person's life. It is something that drives his or her life. Passions have helped me become a better person. Just as Russell had three passions he lived for, I have three simple passions that I live for: education, music, and watching the culprits of World Trade Center attack getting eradicated from this planet.My first passion, education, plays an important role in everyone's life, but most people do not consider education as their passion. In contrast, I consider education as one of my passions. To me, education represents freedom. It
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Introduction to Intellectual Disability
Grand Canyon University: SPE 351
August 5, 2012
Introduction to Intellectual Disability
Students with Intellectual Disabilities are often stereotyped, misjudged and sometimes never learn to their full potential. There are many educators that will say that these students cause too many problems and you must have more than enough patience to work with the students. The teachers that were interviewed have been teaching for the past 25 years and have seen the ups and downs of teaching special needs students as well as general education students. A successful teacher does not come to class everyday to teach, they come to be
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opposition party has promised to...
’..put a stop to special school closures straight away’
(David Cameron, 2009)
In addition, according to Shepherd (2009), the next potential Prime Minister will challenge...
‘..the policy of inclusion’
Austria has had a history of treating people with intellectual disabilities negatively (Beller, 2009, Rees, 2005, Neugebauer, 1990). However, David Cameron has also identified Austria as a country that England could learn from regarding the provision of services for children with disabilities and their families (Cameron 2009).
For these reasons, this assignment will look at Austria’s education
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Case Study: Student with Special Needs Essay
Grand Canyon University
May 14, 2014
Case Study: Student with Special Needs Essay
Beginning in the mid-2000s, more than six million kids ages between six and twenty-one were receiving special education and other needed special services through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that was implemented starting in 1997. This was a twenty-five percent increase from 1993, where approximately 4.8 million children were getting special necessities. In today’s society, students who have disabilities are offered attention that is different from students who do not have disabilities in
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To me education is something that you need to be succesful in life. It starts at a a very young age and continues with you throughout the rest of your life.With an education you can recieve very high paying jobs and other benefits. You do not have to have an education, howeverif you do,it makes things a lot easier on yourself not to mention your future. Education can be taught in many different ways and forms.Some areas of education may require a lot of time, thought and patience, such as elementary education.Others may not be as hard, such as High School Education. In either situation there are still special ways that education should be taught.For instance, some students learn better
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Do you think children with special needs should be a part of regular school or study in a separate school?
Education is a powerful instrument of social change and often initiates upward movement in the social structure thereby, helping to bridge the gap between the different sections of society. The educational scene in the country has undergone major change over the years, resulting in better provision of education and better educational practices.
In 1944, the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) published a Comprehensive report called the Sergeant Report on the post-war educational development of the country. As per the report, provisions for the education of the handicapped
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adoption and successful implementation of research-based practices in classrooms. One suggestion for helping to bridge the gap between research and practice is to involve teachers in the research process (Lang et al., 2010). There are three stages in the research process in which teachers can be meaningfully involved: (a) planning stage, (b) implementation stage, and (c) evaluation stage. Teachers can be involved in multiple meaningful ways during each of the stages of research, and each type of involvement has potential benefits. (Lang)
The flip side to that argument is should science guide practices in special education? Most individuals would say “Yes.” However, the “devil is in the
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countries. There are some problems with relying on the public school system to seek a child's full potential in the special education programs. The Special Olympics, however, have found an effective method of preparing children, teens, and adults for society through sport. The diverse selection of sports, their rules, and physical demands, is an advantage when there is a huge range of disabilities. There is a program offered for almost everyone. People who benefit from these games range from the athletes themselves, the officials, coaches, caregivers, parents, to the spectators and on-site first aid staff. Mrs. Kennedy-Shriver said this in regard to special athletes, "through sports, they can
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recommended that all school boards should provide an education for children with visual impairments from age five and those with hearing problems should be taught by specialist teachers who should earn better pay than their colleagues in mainstream schools. Children labelled as ‘feeble-minded, imbeciles or idiots’ should be educated in auxiliary schools which were to be separated from the mainstream (DES, 1978). Cyril Burt’s psychometrics and eugenics notion supports the legitimisation needed for a segregated special school system. The system of assessments used to categorise and segregate children was deemed to be stable, reliable and valid because it was based upon the ‘science’ of
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Philippine Commission, brought to the Philippines 1,000 American teachers, known as the Thomasites.
Teachers were also trained in the Normal School founded in Manila in 1901 and its branches subsequently established in major towns. Elementary school teachers were trained in English language and literature, geography, mathematics, principles of education, teaching methods, and educational psychology.
The free elementary schools that were established consisted of 4 primary grades and 3 intermediate grades. In the first decade, the intermediate grades focused on vocational education, with a special course for those who intended to go to high school. Apart from English language and literature and
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education and technology together so that all students no matter what their location will have equal opportunity at the best education possible.
Online education will especially benefit the special needs and handicapped students who cannot travel back and forth to a brick and mortar school. In rural areas such as Alaska there may only be one teacher for a whole community and the environment can get to such extremes that children cannot travel to and from school.(Yardley, 2009) Being able to get an education online in these situations can make the difference in falling months behind in school or staying current with an online education. Without online education students in these rural areas
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Education has also developed to be more encompassing taking into consideration learners with special needs. The special needs institutions are specially designed to cater for these special needs students. Whether gifted, physically or mentally handicapped, these institutions have specially trained teachers who professionally handle these learners.
As with such technological advancements in education, different schools also do exist for provision of education. Borgman (n.d, p. 1) states, “There are many types of schools: public and private, technical schools, charter schools, home schools, special needs and special interest schools, alternative schools, faith-based and more,” all
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Case Study: Student with Special Needs
Grand Canyon University
Legal Issues in Education
Dr. Joseph Veres
November 21, 2013
Case Study: Student with Special Needs
Jackson is a thirteen-year-old seventh grader at a Catholic elementary school. His father is a bankruptcy attorney and his mother is a family physician. Jackson is the middle child of the family. Jackson’s older brother is a sixteen-year-old junior at a Catholic high school and Jackson’s younger sister is a ten-year-old fifth grader. Jackson and his sister attend the same grade school. The older brother and sister are both high achieving students with high standardized test scores. The family
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Introduction to Intellectual Disability: Interview with Special and Regular Education Teachers Daryl C Martin
Grand Canyon University: SPE 351
October 8, 2014
Introduction to Intellectual Disability: Interview with Special and Regular Education Teachers
In the world of special education, Intellectual Disability or ID, has been scrutinized, manipulated and revolutionized to bring it to its current positons in education. For many years ID, had many other names to describe the individuals that were said to have abnormal cognitive and social skills. They have been labeled from idiots and fools, to the mentally challenged or retarded. Subsequently, due to the painstaking work by
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difficulty. Students who do not show a response to effective interventions are likely (or, more likely than students who respond) to have biologically-based learning disabilities and to be in need of special education.
The traditional means to identify children with learning disabilities has been through the discrepancy model which looks at the difference between ability as sometimes measured by a child's scores on both subsets of an IQ evaluation (such as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) and an evaluation of achievement as indicated by the student's grades, teacher evaluations and testing (such as the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) There are criticisms
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14. Increase in population:
15. Lack of attention of the authorities:
16. Lack of uniform educational system:
17. Medium of Instruction:
18. Education as a business:
19. Delay in renewal of policies and syllabus
20. Political Interference:
SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS FOR EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM:
1. English should be medium of Instruction:
2. Talented and qualified Staff
3. Fulfill the lack of teachers
4. Primary education should be made compulsory:
5. Increase in teachers incentives
6. Translation of foreign research to local language
7. Check on distinctive education:-
8. Scholarships and financial support to students:
9. Special Financial packages:
10. Betterment of education
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. It envisages bridging up gender and social disparities in elementary education. It has special focus on educational needs of girls, SCs and STs, children with disabilities and disadvantaged children. It is also an effort to universalise elementary education by community-ownership of the school system. The main features of SSA are:
(i) A programme with a clear time frame for universal elementary education;
(ii) An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education;
(iii) A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country;
(iv)An expression of political will for universal elementary education across the country;
(v) An effort for effectively involving
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Teaching for Exceptionalities
Grand Canyon University: SPE 526
July 13, 2015
The following describes the lessons and activities of a two week special education program given by Yuma School District 1. Sessions were on Monday through Friday from 0800 am to 12 pm starting on June 08, to June 15, 2015. The students in this group varied in age and level of disability. I was assigned to a group that was higher functioning with mild to moderate learning disabilities. The sessions consisted of a daily calendar activity that all students participated in and daily learning centers in which the groups were rotated. The theme for the week was farms and farm
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Robbie is my eight-year-old brother. He is autistic. Autism is a developmental disability that interferes with the normal development of the brain in the areas of reasoning, social interaction, and communication skills. Because of autism, Robbie has severe delays in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and even in play activities. Robbie does not do what is normal for a child of eight and he acts much younger. Things that most children do automatically have to be taught to Robbie.
Robbie goes to school every day. He is in a special education program that has helped him greatly. The TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication
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a level of achievement in sport which corresponds to his gifts. 1.3. Special opportunities must be made available for young people, including children of pre-school age, for the aged and for the handicapped to develop their personalities to the full through physical education and sport programmes suited to their requirements.
Article 2. Physical education and sport for an essential element of lifelong education in the overall education system 2.1. Physical education and sport, as an essential dimension of education and culture, must develop the abilities, will-power and self-discipline of every human being as a fully integrated member of society. The continuity of physical activity and
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awareness and knowledge and that help to learn better, work better and raise the standard of living.
Charles Babbage, British professor mathematics is the man who invented the first computer in 1837. And since he invented the computers it was the beginning of universe transformation, ‘in recent years the education has taken a new significance Abu Dhabi Education Council retraining teachers developing a model for school accreditation and over hauling special education’ “(Source from UAE year book 2010)”. Abu Dhabi made a place for computers to be in schools and universities it is a must to learn computers as an individual subject and having it in universities as an individual
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needs coordinator from amongst their staff. The coordinator ensures the schoolâ€™s special education needs policy (SEN policy) is properly carried out, and acts as a liaison between pupils, parents, school staff, and any external agencies that may be involved (DfES 2005). In addition, the coordinator often acts as an advocate for special needs students, aiding in both their empowerment and success in the academic community (Parker 2000).
The special needs coordinator can be an aide to the classroom teacher in planning lessons that include all the students in that particular classroom. First, the coordinator is well versed in the schoolâ€™s SEN policy, and able to direct the classroom
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8. What is the only way to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
To prevent fetal alcohol syndrome the woman shouldn’t drink alcohol while being pregnant or could become pregnant. If you are unable to quit drinking you should contact a physician or by finding the local alcohol treatment center would be a step in the right direction. Also to know that there is no safe amount of alcohol that a woman can drink while pregnant.
9. What are normalization and mainstreaming?
Mainstreaming in the context of education is a term that refers to the practice of educating students with special needs in regular classes during specific time periods based on their skills
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other programs oriented to adult groups. China's adult education has evolved rapidly since the Liberation. Adult 'higher learning institutes' include radio and TV universities, workers' colleges, farmers' colleges, correspondence colleges, evening universities, and colleges giving in-service training to government employees or secondary school teachers. 'Secondary schools' for adult education include vocational secondary schools, middle schools and technical training schools. 'Primary schools' for adult include workers' and farmers' primary schools and literacy classes.
The 1985 National Conference on Education also recognized the importance of special education, in
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every level for it to stay balanced. The Conflict Theory is about the differentials in society such as gender, race, education, children with special health needs would be part of this. The struggle the have to go through and what their family has to go through to be able to make it in their class.
Question #3: Variables
This study doesn’t clearly state a hypothesis; however it does say, “the goal of this study was to provide a systematic assessment of key national health objectives, traditionally tracked for the population as a whole, but rarely reported or summarized for CSHCN using data from the NSCH” (e2).
The independent variables for this study would be physical activity, mental
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7000 that lived in the 500 square miles of the whole district. Along with the basic education services the school also provides special education services to almost 800 students. The school also takes responsibility to provide the facility of lunch and breakfast to the needy students and also provide recreational services and facilities to almost 800 students. Special education is as u knows a much tough and compelling task which requires much adaptive environment for those special students. The school is going well and is successful in its educational operations.
The students that are offered services at British Public School District belong to diverse socio-economic as well as racial and
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technology. But at the same time, it also poses challenges to and imposes constraints on many systems. The new environment holds both threats and opportunities to higher education in the country.
Drastic Expansion in Number and its Impact on Quality
But institutions of higher education cannot be a hot-house of growth. They require not only substantial financial resources for infrastructure but also high quality teaching staff which is not readily available. If institutions are hurriedly set up, they will remain below the requisite standard. Already we are seeing this in India’s system of higher education. Quality is sacrificed at the altar of quantity. In a special report on India (The
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Zero Reject/FAPE. This authorization detailed that every child, being unconcerned of the child’s abilities, are assured a free and appropriate public education (FAPE). School districts were required to be of assistance to children ages 6-17 and ages 3-5 and 18-21 if the state additionally schooled any non-learning disabled students in those particular age categories.
1. Nondiscriminatory Identification and Evaluation. It is necessary to take care of biased habits ending in non-linking and placing of young persons into special education (for example; children with ethical and language barriers) this authorization set-up necessary buffers. The determining assessments involved were: (a
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education. The law stipulates a 9-year formal schooling, adult literacy and non-formal education, skill acquisition programs and the education of special groups such as nomads and migrants, girl child and women, Al-majiri, street children and disabled gruuppee (Aderinoye, 2007). 
Students spend six years in Secondary School, that is 3 years of JSS(Junior Secondary School), and 3 years of SSS(Senior Secondary School). By Senior Secondary School Class 2 (SS2 ), students are taking the GCE O’Levels exam, which is not mandatory, but most students take it to prepare for the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination. The Senior Secondary School Exam is taken in the last
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to Mrs. Beckstead (2013), a veteran special education teacher of twenty-five years, DPE affords the special education team the ability to observe each ID student individually, which then gives the team an opportunity to put a system in place where academic goals and life skill achievements can be realized and evaluated as they are achieved and mastered, or where those academic goals and life skills can be adjusted to better fit the learning style and pace of the student, according to what the team feels the student can achieve (T. Beckstead, personal communication, October 31, 2013).
Mrs. Beckstead (2013) also indicated that the prescribed curricula usually is formed with different areas of
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(Azad), and distancelearning universities. At state-run universities, students must pass a centralized exam and are accepted
according to their exam rank and special privileges; it is free-for-all, and very competitive. At private
universities students must pass a centralized exam and also pay tuition for full- or part-time programs
R asian: Higher Education in Iran
According to Zahedi, the Science Minister, among the total Iran population of 70 million are 3.5
million university students. Among them number about 1 million studying with distance-learning
universities, 1.2 million in private (Azad) universities, 0.5 million in applied–scientific universities (under
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economic and social exclusion for children and adults with disabilities and their families. This marginalization has meant that their needs have not been considered in the development of basic mainstream services such as education and health. Where services have been provided, it has usually been in the context of welfare or charity, often initiated by non-governmental organizations, with responsibility less likely to be taken by the government. Education has most commonly been provided in segregated special schools, to a minority of children in urban areas.
One thing one has to understand is that, the first international mandate on the right to education for all children was pronounced 60
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individuals, institutions, or government of other countries around the world in the field of economy, sociocultural life, politics, health, education, and any other fields. Since the beginning of my involvement being an English teacher, the greatest achievement for me was to build a high motivation to the students who lived in rural area which the facilities of education were very limited (even there are no electricity and computer), of how important the education and english language are. Knowing that most of my students continued their study to the renowned higher secondary school or university and reached the best achievement there, was something special for me while many people in the
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based upon the assumption children living in poverty needed more educational services than children from affluent homes. Head Start, part of ESEA, has provided education to 3- and 4-year-old children from low-income families to prepare preschool children to succeed in school. Special funding, often referred to as Title I, has allocated billions of federal dollars to assist educationally deprived children in low-income areas. This hope that a better education would eliminate poverty and increase academic performance was challenged by the Coleman Report (1966). This study concluded that student achievement was not markedly affected by improving such factors as the quality of teachers, changing
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For successful development of a country, should its government focus its budget more on the education of very young children rather than on universities? (11/7, 2009)
Education is virtually an eternal topic for intense debate because it is an important source of elite for a country. However, whether the government should spend more money on college education or on elementary education is seldom an issue. It is nearly a consensus that a large percentage of the government budget has to go the universities due to the following reasons.
Most importantly, basic education costs less than the higher education. The school children are too young to read a lot of books, do
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On this international plat form I want to raise their voice.
I want to be their voice to tell you all the problems, which all the special people are facing. The problems, which need to be resolute, could only be possible by joining hands together.
The following are the major problems, which my community special people of “border line” category are facing, which has been identified by me are:
· They want to get proper EDUCATION.
· They want to get their RIGHTS.
· They want others to TREAT THEM PROPERLY.
· They want every one to stop calling them “SPECIAL”.
· They want others to treat them as “NORMAL HUMAN BEING OF THE SOCIETY”.
· They want to Marry.
· They want FREEDOM
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word “got” in a sentence, to having a curiosity for learning, all contribute to my passion for education. Education is individual, given to us free and is the only thing that can’t ever be taken away from us. I want to be the change for the future, I believe in the youth of today while wanting to give back some of what I was given are other reasons why I want to be a special educator.
Students coming to school is rewarding for me. Last year I built a relationship with two young high school juniors who everyone had given up on. They were destined for the streets, drug abuse most likely and had a strong lack of motivation. I was able to get to know them; they learned that I believed in
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higher education including technical & madrasah education. The line directorates, viz.. Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education and Directorate of Technical Education are responsible for management and supervision of institutions under their respective control. |
Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education (DSHE): |
This Directorate is headed by a Director-General who is responsible for administration, management and control of post primary secondary and higher education including madrasah and other special types of education. It is assisted by sub-ordinate Offices located at the division and district levels with project offices at upzillas. |
The Directorate of Technical
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Mainstreaming is a very controversial subject in world of education, yet it is such a milestone event for all special needs children. After researching the history of handicapped and special needs children, I have a stronger outlook on the subject matter. As a teacher in training I feel that all children must feel comfortable, safe, and free in order to grow and to discover. Mainstreaming can achieve such a goal for most special need children today. Yet, as always, there are some exceptions.
First of all, I must explain the history of mainstreaming, and the leaps and bounds our nation has over come to arrive to a place of understanding our future citizen’s needs. In the early
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public school system. Other reasons include a desire to build a strong family closeness, safety, and a handful of parents chose home school for their children because of special needs such as disabilities or special talents. However, no matter how good the reasons, the home school education system must prove to be an acceptable alternative to public schools.
There are many advantages to giving a student a home school education. First, parents can make direct decisions concerning what their children are taught. According to the Home School Statistics and Reports in 1997, written by founder and President Dr. Brian D. Ray, seventy-one percent of the parents who
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that schools play in implementing transition for students with disabilities. Recent testing and other academic requirements implemented by the education system are likely to have a detrimental effect on student transition outcomes (Muthumbi, 2008). Another issue related to transition from high school to higher education is the difference in terms of instructional responsibilities. The documentation of transition services that encourage helpful post-school outcomes is critical. Most educators in higher education are less probable to know more than just the understanding of the law with respects to special education accommodations. In spite of almost 20 years of mandated transition services